Cars with electric drive promise emission-free mobility. Battery electric vehicles are currently the most advanced climate-friendly powertrain technology on the road. The electric car in the ACV Check.
Electric cars protect the environment and shine with low consumption costs. But what about the range? And is it worth converting? We answer the most important questions about e-cars.
How does an electric car work?
Electric cars run on power from the wall socket. They are powered by an electric motor that generates its energy from rechargeable batteries receives. The battery cells store energy chemically and are mounted under the rear seats or in the trunk instead of a tank. Decisive for the performance of electric cars is, besides the electric motor, the maximum power the battery can deliver.
What are the advantages of an electric car in everyday life?
Cars with electric power units are characterized by an advantageous Power delivery with comparatively high torque from. This results in a smooth acceleration and a pleasant dynamic driving experience. The Low noise and vibration Ensures a high level of driving comfort. With low consumption costs from around three to four cents per kilometer driven, e-cars are inexpensive.
Cars with electric power do not need a conventional transmission and exhaust system. The electric motor consists of fewer components than a gasoline engine. This simplifies the powertrain and there are correspondingly fewer wear parts. Recovering energy during braking Reduces brake wear. Electric cars therefore need to be serviced less often.
Owners of e-cars can apply for a license plate with an “E” at the end. With it, depending on the municipality, they enjoy privileges such as free parking at public charging stations, free charging of the battery and use of bus lanes.
- Dynamic-powerful driving characteristics
- Low range
- Low driving noise
- Slow charging
- Locally emission-free
- Patchy electric charging station network
- Low maintenance technology
- Higher acquisition costs
- High motor efficiency
- Limited battery life
- Environmental bonus and low tax burden
What is the range of an electric car?
E-cars come with a battery charge according to the manufacturers Depending on the model, between 200 and 600 kilometers far. However, consumers such as air conditioning, lights and car entertainment eat away at the batteries and every kickdown reduces the range. Some 200-kilometer models only manage 100 kilometers under everyday conditions.
Currently there are 11.000 public charging stations in Germany.
To recharge, the electric car has to be plugged in – either to the power outlet in the garage at home or to one of the 20.000 public charging stations in Germany. The electric charging infrastructure is problematic, especially in rural areas. Gaps also exist in urban centers. Even the inner cities of large metropolises lack a network of easily accessible e-charging stations. Spontaneous charging of electric cars on the road is often not possible due to the lack of fast-charging stations. They fill batteries up to 80 percent in 30 minutes. Charging at a normal 230-volt socket, on the other hand, takes many hours. The solution for home is a Wall charging station (Wallbox, Wall Connector), which significantly shortens the charging process. With Tesla it costs 580 euros.
How well are electric cars selling??
Electric cars are booming especially in China. Of nearly one million electric cars sold worldwide, almost half are in the Chinese market, according to a survey by Bloomberg. The e-car is also gaining momentum in Germany: around 60.000 pure electric vehicles Were registered in the 2019 calendar year, according to statista. That’s 75 percent more than last year.
How expensive is an electric car??
Special refueling parking spaces for electric cars help
Battery-powered e-cars are on average 40 percent more expensive than comparable passenger cars with conventional drive technology.
In addition, some manufacturers charge for battery rental. It drives up the running costs. Buyers of an electric car can be Environmental bonus of up to 9.000 euros (you can find the online application here). Newly registered e-vehicles are exempt from vehicle tax for the first ten years.
The residual value of e-cars is still an open question and sales of used e-vehicles are commonly difficult. Since the fairly new technology is developing rapidly, it is not foreseeable what e-vehicles will bring in a few more years.
Can I convert my car to an electric car?
A professional conversion turns combustion vehicles into electric cars, is from 10.000 Euro however No bargain. Suitable are above all older models without complex electronics. During conversion, the gasoline or diesel engine is replaced by an electric motor with control electronics and the car is equipped with a battery pack and charging socket. After that, acceptance by the TuV is necessary.
How environmentally friendly is an electric car??
E-cars achieve high efficiency and thus high energy efficiency: around 95 percent of the energy expended is converted into motion. For the internal combustion engine, the figure is only 35 percent. Electric cars are locally emission-free, are characterized by zero pollutant emissions. This is a big plus for the current exhaust gas problem in inner cities. However, the overarching environmental friendliness depends on, How the electricity for the operation is produced. Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and hydroelectric power enable almost CO2-neutral operation, while fossil fuels such as coal energy have a negative impact on the eco-balance. Taking into account all emissions in the production chain, electric cars produce on average Only half as many exhaust gases as combustion engines.
Batteries for e-cars only last for a limited time; experts estimate that there are around 500 to 1.000 charging processes from. Defective battery cells are due for recycling, although the disposal of vehicle batteries on a large scale has not yet been solved. In addition, the raw materials for batteries are finite. This minimizes the environmental benefits of electric cars.