How to wind an automatic watch correctly?

How do I wind an automatic watch correctly?

Despite careful automatic watch care, it can happen that an automatic watch stops.

The most common cause of this is simply that the power reserve has been used up. Unlike quartz watches, automatic watches do not require a power source to keep the watch running. The special mechanism of an automatic watch is designed in such a way that the movement is kept in operation solely by the movement of the wearer’s hand. The energy generated in this way is stored in the so-called power reserve. The watch will then run until the fully wound mainspring has completely lost its tension and the movement stops.

Why should you wind an automatic watch?

So that an accurate time indication can always be guaranteed.

So that a stable rate behavior can be established.

So that the mechanical movement runs steadily and does not take damage.

In order for the watch to have a long life.

How to wind an automatic watch? Basically, there are 3 methods to wind an automatic watch:

Winding up an automatic watch by the movement of the wrist

If the watch is worn regularly for 8 hours a day, then the power reserve is always fully recharged.

Attention: Since the winding mechanism is designed for normal and regular exercise, an automatic watch should not be worn while exercising. The fast and hectic movements disturb the fine mechanism and can cause permanent damage to the movement.

Automatic watch

Winding the watch via the crown

  1. Remove the watch from the wrist

The first thing to do is to take the watch off the wrist. In this way, it is easier to reach the crown and the danger of turning the crown too much is minimized.

  1. Adjusting the crown

Next, you should find the correct setting of the crown for winding the watch. Depending on the model and manufacturer there may be differences. The crown can be used not only to wind the watch, but also to set the time or date on the dial. To do this, the crown must be pulled out either halfway or completely. To wind the watch, the crown usually does not need to be pulled out at all, but only turned in a certain direction.

AttentionFor water resistant watches, the crown must be loosened first, as it is so tight during normal operation that no water can penetrate inside the case.

  1. Turn the crown

To tension the mainspring and wind the watch, the crown must be turned clockwise. To do this, you should grasp it firmly between your thumb and forefinger and carefully turn it from bottom to top. Until the watch is fully wound, usually about 30 turns are needed. If the mainspring is fully tensioned, this is also noticeable by a clearly perceptible resistance when turning the watch.

  1. Checking and setting the time

After winding the clock, check if the correct time and date are displayed on the chronograph. Since the crown is also used to make these settings, they may have been unintentionally adjusted due to movement.

AttentionWhen setting the watch, the hands should always be moved clockwise and not in the opposite direction. In this way, the mechanics of the clock can be spared.

  1. Fix the crown

Last but not least, the crown of the watch must be properly reattached. To do this, you push it back into its original position with gentle pressure. Especially with waterproof watches you have to make sure that there are no leaks on the case.

Automatic clock

Automatic watch winding by means of watch winder

If you don’t wear an automatic watch regularly, but keep it primarily as a collector’s item or a valuable investment, you should still wind it up regularly. For exactly this purpose there are watch winders, they serve the professional storage of automatic watches. These are not only appealingly set in scene here, but are also regularly moved by the installed technology. This simulates the natural movement that normally occurs when wearing the watch.

If all these measures do not help, which is rather unlikely, the watch is probably damaged. Contact your seller or the manufacturer during the warranty period. If you have no more guarantee, also a watchmaker can look after the watch.

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