120 years of renault: a french success story

Renault developed the first automobile with chainless direct drive and established completely new vehicle classes with models such as the Renault 4, the first large sedan Espace or the first compact van Scenic. As the first mass-production manufacturer with a purely electric model range, Renault is also one of the pioneers of future-oriented and sustainable mobility.

Beginning with technical innovation

Technical innovation and the international orientation already characterized the early years of Renault. In 1898, Louis Renault assembled in a wooden shed in Boulogne-Billancourt his first automobile, the prototype of what would later become the “Type A”, better known as the “Voiturette”. The Voiturette had as a groundbreaking innovation a 3-speed transmission with direct drive, which went down in automobile history as the first “drive without chains” and gave Renault a place in the first row of technology pioneers.

Even the first tests on 24. December 1898 brought the breakthrough: That same evening, several acquaintances ordered a vehicle after a successful test drive. On 25. February 1899 Louis Renault founded the company “Renault Frères” (Renault Brothers) together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand. Already around 1900 the company employed more than 100 people.

The company subsequently consolidated this good reputation by winning races, among other things. In 1906, Renault won the first Grand Prix in the history of motor racing. In parallel, the brand continuously expanded its product offering and targeted new customer groups in a fast-growing market. The result was a wide range of models, from small sedans to large, prestigious models with powerful engines.

Internationally positioned from the beginning

Renault started exporting its vehicles in the early years, including to Germany, where the “Renault Frères Automobil Aktiengesellschaft” was founded in Berlin in 1907. Renault’s successful commitment beyond the borders of the French home market laid the foundation for the progressive internationalization of the brand. In 1929, Renault built a new plant on the island of Seguin in the Seine to meet the steadily increasing demand for its products.

The installed here, 1.500-meter assembly line was the longest outside the USA at the time. Here Renault produced in particular its successful four-cylinder models Monaquatre (1931-1936), Celtaquatre (1934-1938) and Juvaquatre (1937-1948), the latter the brand’s first vehicle with self-supporting body and independent suspension.

In the 1920s and 1930s, Renault caused a sensation with opulently motorized luxury automobiles. These included the Type 40CV with 9.1-liter inline six-cylinder engine that won the 1925 Monte Carlo Rally and the Reinastella, which in 1929 ushered in the era of individually-bodied inline eight-cylinder models. The Suprastella was the crowning achievement in 1938.

Expansion after the Second World War

After the end of the Second World War, the group continued to consistently focus on international expansion and, in parallel, conquered completely new market segments. In line with the needs of the people in the reconstruction period, Renault launched a small car that was affordable for many people and became the father of the company’s success in the post-war period: the 4CV.

1956 saw the debut of the Dauphine, another Renault bestseller. For ten years, the compact model made its mark on roads all over the world. The model produced on all five continents contributed substantially to the internationalization of the mark.

Legendary car models with cult status

In line with the growing prosperity and the increasingly differentiated wishes of buyers, Renault developed new vehicles from the 1960s onwards that stood out from the competition thanks to their formal independence as well as their novel concepts and their exemplary functionality. A prime example of this is the Renault 4, introduced in 1961 and now considered a classic. The prototype of the modern compact car with practical hatchback and large tailgate is still the most produced Renault model, with over eight million units built to date.

A revolution in the automotive middle class meant the debut of the Renault 16 in 1965. Its hatchback design, practical tailgate and fold-down rear seat proved as groundbreaking as its novel four-cylinder aluminum engine. In 1972, another bestseller followed, the Renault 5, which also achieved cult status.

Another milestone in automotive history was embodied by the Renault Espace, introduced in 1984. The forefather of all European vans embodies the ultimate “car for living”. With further models in the so-called one-box design, the Twingo (1993) and the Scenic (1996), Renault continued this line consistently.

Into the new millennium as a global player

After its privatization in 1996, Renault once again intensified its international. An important step was taken in 1999 with the alliance with Nissan, which, in addition to exploiting synergies, also enables mutual support in the development of international markets. Further steps toward globalization were the acquisition of the Romanian manufacturer Dacia, also in 1999, and the establishment of Renault Samsung Motors in Korea in 2000.

As part of its strategic partnership with AVTOVAZ, Renault has also been making a decisive contribution to the renewal of Lada’s model range since 2008. In April 2010, the Renault-Nissan Alliance and Daimler AG signed a far-reaching strategic cooperation.

At the end of 2013, Renault and the second-largest Chinese automaker Dongfeng Motor agreed to collaborate. The newly formed joint venture Dongfeng Renault Automotive Company (DRAC) invested 870 million euros in a modern production facility in Wuhan, which will produce 150.000 vehicles per year can be produced. In the long term, a production of 300.000 units targeted. At the beginning of 2016, the plant was opened.

Since 2016, Mitsubishi Motors has been part of the Renault-Nissan Alliance.

Focus on electric mobility

Renault has a special focus on the topic of electric mobility. The manufacturer is the market leader in Europe and in Germany in the field of purely electric vehicles. With the city van Kangoo Z.E., the Twizy city runabout and the ZOE – Europe’s best-selling e-car – Renault now offers a comprehensive range of all-electric models. In the spring of 2018, the manufacturer will launch the Master Z electric transporter.E. continue its e-vehicle offensive.

In addition, Renault expanded its range of crossover models since 2013 with Captur, Kadjar and Koleos. With the Kwid, a customized entry-level model for India and Latin America was also launched in 2015. The debut of the Duster Oroch for the South American market and the Alaskan marked the company’s entry into the high-growth pickup segment worldwide.

New strategic plan points to the future

The strategic plan “Drive The Future 2017-2022” points the way forward for the Renault Group. As part of its six-year plan, the Group aims to increase annual sales to over 70 billion euros by 2022 and raise the Group’s operating margin to over seven percent. number of vehicles sold worldwide is expected to grow to over five million per year.

To strengthen the Renault Group’s position in electric mobility, a total of eight all-electric vehicles and twelve electrified models are to be launched by 2022.

In addition, 15 vehicles with autonomous driving functions are being developed. To achieve these goals, the group will invest 18 billion euros in research and development.

120 years Renault – The most important milestones

December 1898: Louis Renault presents the prototype of the “Voiturette
1906: Victory with the type AK at the first Grand Prix in motorsport history
1907: Renault Frères Automobil Aktiengesellschaft is founded in Berlin, Germany
1925: Victory in the Monte Carlo Rally with the Type 40CV
1929: Construction begins on the Renault plant on the Seine island of Seguin in Boulogne-Billancourt
1929: Debut for the Reinastella, Renault’s first eight-cylinder model
1937: The Juvaquatre is launched, the first Renault model with independent suspension and self-supporting body
1946: The 4CV small car is unveiled at the Paris Motor Show.
1956: Launch of the Dauphine
1961: Launch of the Renault 4, Renault’s best-selling model with more than eight million units sold
1965: Premiere of the hatchback Renault 16
1972: Renault 5 is launched on the market
1984: Introduction of the Espace, the first large capacity sedan in Europe
1993: Debut of the Twingo
1996: Renault launches Europe’s first compact van with the Scenic
1999: Renault and Nissan form a strategic alliance
1999: Takeover of Dacia
2011: With the Kangoo Z.E. Renault is a pioneer in electric mobility
2012: World premiere of the ZOE electric compact car
2013: Renault launches its SUV offensive with the Captur crossover
2016: Mitsubishi joins the Renault-Nissan alliance
2017: Renault has been present in Germany for 110 years
2017: Renault Group unveils its forward-looking strategic plan “Drive The Future 2017-2022”
2018: Renault celebrates its 120th anniversary

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Renault Captur: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 7.3-1.5; Power consumption combined (kWh/100 km): 18.3-17.3 kWh; CO2 emissions combined: 130-28 g/km. Energy efficiency class: C-A+++. For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Megane E-TECH 100% electric:
Combined power consumption (kWh/100 km): 16.1-15.5; CO2 emissions combined: 0-0 g/km*; energy efficiency class: A+++-A+++ (values according to legal requirements). Measurement method). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class, click HERE.
Renault Megane: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 8.1-1.2; Electricity consumption combined (kWh/100 km): 13.0-0.00; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 183-27.* Energy efficiency class: E-A+++ (values according to measuring procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Arkana: Total consumption combined l/100 km: 5.3-4.2; CO2 emissions combined g/km: 122-96.* Energy efficiency class: B-A+. (values according to measurement procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For the graphical representation of the energy efficiency classes click HERE.
Renault Kangoo: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 6.4-4.9; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 145-128. Energy efficiency class: B-A.* (Values according to measurement procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Twingo: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.0-4.4; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 114-100.* Energy efficiency class: C-B. (Values according to measuring procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For the graphic representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Scenic: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.9-5.7; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 135-130. Energy efficiency class: B-B.* (Values according to measuring procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For the graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault ZOE: Combined electricity consumption (kWh/100 km): 17.7-17.2; CO2 emissions combined: 0-0 g/km; energy efficiency class: A+++-A+++.* (Values according to measurement procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class, click HERE.
Renault Twingo Electric (22 kWh battery), electric, 60 kW: Electricity consumption combined: 16.0-16.0 kWh/100 km; CO2 emissions: combined 0 g/km; efficiency class A+++-A+++.* For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Kangoo E-Tech 100% electric: Combined electricity consumption (kWh/100 km): 18.5-18.0; CO2 emissions combined: 0-0 g/km; energy efficiency class: A+++-A+++.* (Values according to measurement procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Trafic Combi: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 7.4-7.0; CO2 emissions combined: 195-183 g/km. Energy efficiency class: C-B.* (values according to measuring procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For the graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Clio: Total consumption combined l/100 km: 6.7-3.6, CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 122-82. Energy efficiency class: C-A++.* (Values according to measuring procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For the graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Megane Grandtour: Overall consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.5-1.3; Electricity consumption combined (kWh/100 km): 13.0-0.0, CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 125-29. Energy efficiency class: B-A+++.* (Values according to measuring method VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Kadjar: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.8-4.9; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 132-117. Energy efficiency class: C-A.* (values according to measuring procedure VO [EC] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Grand Scenic: Overall consumption combined (l/100 km): 6.0-5.7; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 135-130. Energy efficiency class: B-B.* (Values according to measuring method VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Espace: Total consumption combined l/100 km: 5.5-5.5; CO2 emissions combined g/km: 145-145.* Energy efficiency class: A-A. (Values according to measuring procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For the graphic representation of the energy efficiency classes click HERE.
Renault Talisman Grandtour: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.4-5.0; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 133-123. Energy efficiency class: A-A.* (Values according to measuring procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Talisman: Overall consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.4-5.0; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 133-123. Energy efficiency class: A-A.* (Values according to measuring method VO [EC] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Koleos: Overall consumption combined (l/100 km): 5.9-5.7; CO2 emissions combined (g/km): 150-134. Energy efficiency class: B-B.* (values according to measuring procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.
Renault Alaskan: Total consumption combined (l/100 km): 7.4-7.0; CO2 emissions combined:194-184 g/km. Energy efficiency class: C-B.* (Values according to measurement procedure VO [EG] 715/2007). For a graphical representation of the energy efficiency class click HERE.

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