As part of the Turkish occupation of the Afrin region in the northwest of Syria, the Turkey Facebook is said to have asked Facebook in 2018 to block content of Kurdish People’s Defense Units (YPG). After the Turkey had threatened a complete blockade Facebook, the Internet company agreed according to reports of Propublica censorship. For Facebook, this was the maintenance of innertourcan communication, for critics it is an inadvertent and Facebook’s own guidelines contradictory increspective against free community.
Turkey should not have fitted the Facebook contribution of the YPG at the Volkarkrichten military offensive in its neighboring country. These showed images of the invasion, partly with wounded struggle of both sides and civilians. Before these messages, Turkische Burger should be protected so that the Turkey Facebook requested to lock the YPG pages. If Facebook does not follow the request, Turkey threatened to completely flip the company.
Such an Erpreng is a dilemma for Facebook. If Facebook had not locked the YPG, it lost millions of turkish users and advertising revenues. On the other hand, a blockade within Turkey was showed that Facebook is the printing of an author’s government beau.
Facebook: Geblocking unavoidable
The internal e-mails that Propublica present, clarify the decision-making process, which at Facebook for Geblocking the YPG pages in Turkey. After that, Facebook wanted to be careful on the one hand with the material published by the YPG, especially in images of wounded persons. On the other hand, the staff realized that it could give criticism in the public for geoblocking criticism. It was too burrowing that the Geblocking the YPG could draw unnecessary attention to this approach when activists remarked outside the Turkey. Ultimately, Sheryl Sandberg, Chief Operating Officer on Facebook, should have explained in a short sentence with Geblocking.
Facebook itself explained that some content violates local laws, even though these own standards do not contradict. In this case, Facebook has followed the request of the Turkish Government and its own commitment of international human rights.
Facebook has already considered the YPG since 2015 as a politically sensitive topic. The Facebook side of the YPG was initially officially verified with a blue hook. This had been criticized by Turkey. But after the blue hook was removed, there was headwind western media.
Freedom of expression as a sensitive topic for Facebook
The Turkey classifies the YPG as a terrorist union, but Western Allied consequences of this association. The YPG sees itself as a defensive Kurdish grouping, but is often regarded as Syrian Group of the Workers’ Party Kurdistan (PKK). The PKK is prohibited in Turkey and is classified as a terrorist organization since 2001 as a terrorist office. In many European countries, however, the PKK has been officially no terrorist organization since the beginning of 2020, but War Party.
Facebook itself has broken down in its own blog to the situation in Turkey that freedom of expression is a fundamental human right. Facebook wool these values worldwide and defend. More than half of the turks rely on Facebook after corporate association to stay in contact with their acquaintances and relatives. Facebook wool the free community and other human rights in Turkey.
Criticism of the procedure Facebooks
Senator Ron Wyden from Oregon is considered a Facebook critic and explained that the internet company does not bow to the printing authoritarian regimes, the political opponents do not bow. American companies should pay attention to human rights and chase not only to higher profits.
According to Yaman Akdeniz, Legal Professor at the Columbia University in New York and the Grunder of the Turkish Association for Free Opinion Energy, the Geblocking of the YPG is not a simple case because Turkey considered the YPG as a terrorist organization. But it is confirmed that Facebook does not want to challenge these regulatory inquiries and followed.
Facebook itself, according to its regular transparency report in the first year, 2018 has about 15.300 government requests to get content restrictions, alone 1600 from Turkey, more than 10 percent. 1106 items were then censored. According to Facebook, these include a number of criminal offenses, including personal infringement rights, privacy, the slander of Ataturk (the first Turkish prasident) and laws for unauthorized sale of regulated goods.