Differences in the digital gap

92 percent of Russians know the Internet only from the Horensagen, but also in Switzerland, it still means: "Information society: expanded"

In international comparison, Russia is where the computer density is not entitled, by no means very back. With 50 computers per 1.000 inhabitants (2001) ranks the country on the world ranking at 62. Job. At the top are the US with 623 computers, Germany has already fallen far: With 336 computers, it is only 12. Job. But as far as access to the Internet is concerned, the gap is still a lot of gross. Just 8 percent of the Russians over 16 years are already surfing on the net.

After all, in 2001, according to the information of the Federal Statistical Office, almost the half of the German households had a PC. In 1998 it was only 40 percent. In the year, only 10 percent has a mobile phone. However, however, the cell phone density took explosive too. Last years, 56 percent of households already had such a. With the Internet, however, the German is not so hurry, because at the beginning of 2001, only a quarter of households made access to the network. According to the Research Group Elections Online, in the third quarter of 2002, 47 percent of all Germans from 18 years ago have Internet access, which is 8 percent more than last year.

Erwin Staudt, the chairman of D21 and IBM boss Germany, nevertheless warned that "the high proportion of Internet abstinence in the population is an obstacle on the way to economic growth and a reduction in unemployment in this country". The D21 initiative published the refuser atlas in the early year. After this, only 26.7 million German over 14 years have internet access. After all, three million more than in the previous year. But only the half of those who wanted to set up Internet access in 2001, which also did. And the number of willing people have also gone back in 2002. There are 36.7 million people who helped the German population over 14 years, the Internet does not at all, what is commented on at D21: "Access to the Internet is denied every second Federal Burger. Particularly socially weaker, people with lower education or old people remain the world of the Internet locked." At the abstinents, the proportion of women and the people of 50 years is particularly high and conspicuous. But at least, the half of the burgers use the net, in whatever form. That sees a little more beautiful, in Russia, already very different.

Russian rural population still lives in the preliminary age

The computer density of Russia is of course relatively high compared to other countries. In the poor countries like Angola, Niger or Mali, it’s just a computer to 1.Give 000 inhabitants. Nevertheless, as is the use of computers in Russia, the use of computers in Russia is still pretty limited, as only 17 percent of the Russians over 16 years has served: 83 percent know: 83 percent know computer only from See – and 92 percent the internet only from the Horensagen!

While there are only small differences between the city and the country in Germany, this gap in Russia is still deeply pronounced. Nationwide, 7.2 percent of Russians have a computer at home. While this is the case in Moscow at 27.5 percent of all city dwellers, only 2 percent of the rural dwellers have a private computer. This is also evident in computer use. Overall, 11 percent of Russians often use a computer – in Moscow every fourth inhabitants, on the country only 3 percent (in Internet usage only one percent).

Like everywhere there is also a generation bottle in Russia. Thus, 20 percent of the 16-24-year-olds use the computer frequently, from the 65-year-old only 0.4 percent. The frequent internet usage, however, are the 24-35-year-old at 7.5 percent at the top. A rough part of the population is, if the results of the survey are reliable, though still excluded from the digital world, the information society once again arrived in the city.

Usage quotas and self-confidence in dealing with the computer are modest in Swiss Schoolers

However, there is also in leaders "Information societies" continues to digitally divide, but not between city and country, but above all between education and income layers, but also between generations and sexes. Especially the Federal Office for Statistics in Switzerland presented new numbers, according to which at least one computer is already in 61 percent of all households. In 2001, every second Swiss has used the internet at least once within the last six months, more than every third person has stimulated regularly. Computers are used at 90 percent of companies, 90 percent have internet access, but only half of their own homepage.

However, the Internet users are still a variety of young and low-income, and that "potential" the internet is not exploited as it is many "only" For communication and information, but not use the more complex applications. What predominantly should: not for e-commerce or e-banking. Although Switzerland in the ranking of the "Information societies" is quite up, the Federal Report of the Federal Office still establishes a competence chute. Thus, during the folk payment in 2000, only every second household, which visited the homepage of E-Census, has actually made the questionnaire there. The majority of people with internet access have stated for the jerky gripping paper that this was easier. Overall, only 4 percent of the Swiss use the e-census.

After all, this is amazing and shows that education does not necessarily have something to do with computer competence, even if the gap is roughly. Thus, 77 percent of those who own a higher education education use the Internet regularly, with those who only have compulsory toiletries, is only a quarter. The fall in the teenagers is no longer so bad, but still still available. That’s why computer and internet usage at the schools for equal opportunities is also so important. But here it seems to give a problem.

Although virtually all schools have computers and Internet access, but of the 15-year-old only 21 percent of the Schuler is really the computer in the school, while this at home already make 60 percent (and 19 percent indicate that this is also regularly taken to learning To). The teachers of computer use are supposedly not negative against, they apparently do not really know how they can use it meaningfully and act as low as a result of this methodical-didactic knowledge. This is shown by the report, a gross further education needs of the textbook. After all, only two percent of the people’s schoolers have not used a computer.

In an international comparison, however, the Federal Office, the Swiss School of School "certain residue" on. Although the interest in the 15-year-old is roughly, but "Usage quotas and self-confidence in dealing with the computer" be more likely "modest". This was said, for example, with a view to Sweden, where allegedly 80 percent of the 15-year-old – so the PISA vintage – the computer and 77 percent use the Internet regularly. Nevertheless, the report recommends at least educational policy less, only the slogan "Internet access for all!" to follow, much more important is it to convey competences for dealing with internet because the basic problem in the flow of information.

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