Between “pixel burka” and privacy: 10 years google street view

Between'pixel-burka' und datenschutz: 10 jahre google street view'pixel-burka' und datenschutz: 10 jahre google street view

The colorful Google cars with the striking camera bodies are now going around in around 90 countries of the earth. Millions of panoramic shooting allows Google to offer a virtual environment in his cards. Almost 20 million kilometers have left the cars. Google Street View also includes views of the underwater corals of West Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia or American Natural Wonders Grand Canyon. On the strain in this country, however, the camera cars have not been seen for a long time. In the panoramic service of Google, Germany consists mainly of patches. And where something to see, the pictures have not been updated since 2011.

Google Street View went to the start in Germany ten years ago. 20 gross city should be on the 18th. November 2010 make the beginning, follow smaller fast. But the expansion soon came up, because at the service the sharpest privacy debate since the dispute over the folk payment had left at the beginning of the eighties.

Legitimate criticism or hysteria

The then consumer protection minister Ilse Aigner (CSU) painted potential consequences in Duster colors to the wall: "I can look at on the basis of such services, where and how someone lives, which private preferences he or she has, how his home door is secured or which curtains are on the windows – and that’s still the fewest." This makes the private without protective possibilities in the global public.

The Digital Association Bitkom speaks backlogging from "Excitement and also hysteria", which then herring. For decades, the publication of pictures of the public space was allowed and ugly had been. "Now this should be banned specifically with a view of map services, its own law was exploited", Remembers Bitkom’s main fuel Bernhard Rohlededer.

The BITKOM still criticizes today, the prere of data protectioners have ensured that for pixels all images of the corresponding building or building part of the service providers had to be permanently and end-to-filled. "Among other things, this has the consequence that the recordings can not be recovered for tenant or ownership changes."

Detected by digitization

The then Federal Data Protection Officer Peter Schaar today sees the launch of Google Street View as a point where many people had noticed for the first time that they could not easily decouple from the Internet. "They had to realize that digitization detects them completely independently whether they now have a computer or not, whether they are digital affinous or if they are still in the analog age."

Schaar reminds that Google did a serious misstep at that time: the camera wagons also attacked data from unpredented WLAN networks. Google spoke of a bug of a developer. Schaar stops for a claim. The fact that Google has apologized for Wi-Fi appointment reminiscent of the behavior at diesel scandal. "The illegal shutdown institutions have also been reduced to a misconduct of individual engineers."

Despite the sharp criticism of Google service, even privacy Schaar believes that there are much more serious procedures in the privacy as Street View. "I mean the data collecting, which happens unnoticed behind the screen, so to speak. When I surf, if I use digital services or apps, my privacy is in a doubt stronger threatened when house facades are photographed and these recordings are spread on the internet."

Debate for one "Pixel Burka"

Street view launched in May 2007 in the USA. Google quickly recognized that human faces and auto marks should be automatically made unrecognizable. Long controversial has been discussed, as well as house facades should be carried out with a virtual veil – and who has to decide for it: owners or current residents. At the end of a qualifying long debate about one "Pixel Burka" The both groups were allowed.

In Germany, 244 requested.000 households to make their residential homes unrecognizable. Google stressed at that time, just under three percent of households had requested a packaging. However, the effort was apparently so rough that Google renounced more camera rides. Only to smaller prestige projects such as the exploration of the Munchner Allianz Arena or the Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg, the Street View cameras were brought out of the closet. In the past year, Google made a new attempt last year and talked to the Hamburg Data Protection Officer as to whether the right of packaging could be terminated. So far this is not like that.

New basic and new debate

Nevertheless, there are still automobiles on German strain that grasp their environment. They come from card specialists such as TomTom or Here as well as Tech corporations like Apple and also Google. "Purpose is no longer to draw a card or generate a virtual world that man can watch", The company consultant Kersten Heinekee, who manages the Center for Future Mobility in Europe as a partner at McKinsey. Rather, it is about generating high-order cards that can be read by machines and make the autonomous driving possible.

Data protection Schaar is now planning to define a rules for the new digital mobilitat world, which remains aware of the privacy. "Digitization can only ultimately be successful and sustainable if there are acceptance and trust. That was not the case ten years ago on Google Street View." Digitization and privacy are obedient and should not be an opponent, he says. Google Street View is also an example of that you can find solutions to connect digitization and privacy. "Whether the solution found to pixel certain recordings, was really as wise, you can naturally still argue."

Bitkom main supplies Rohleder regrets until today, the online current image material lack, for example for emergency inserts of the fire department. "We hope that Germany finds step for step to a new dealings with map services and can also be shown publicly on the internet, which is particularly public: the public and all accessible public space."

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