A look behind the technology of the Olympic Winter Games 2006 in Turin
If in about a week in the modern Italian industrial city of Turin, located on the rivers Po and Dora, the Olympia winter sports enthusiast of Piedmont’s National Italian Industry City, and in the background, continue to run in the background technical premiere and high-dots that the television viewer at home before the TV device – especially in Germany – usually remain hidden, but for Geeks to be more interesting than the games themselves. Telepolis could take a look into the satellite control center in advance.
Pragelato, rendering rates for Nordic combination and ski jumping. Picturesque, but also a challenge for all bus and motorists: narrow curvy straws, framed by huge snow mountains on both sides of the strain.
For the first time, the television transfer of the Olympic Winter Games of 10. Until 26. February 2006 completely set on digital technology, which should provide all those around the globe a sense-free image in the best quality, which do not want to freeze with the athletes on site. The Japanese broadcaster NHK provides the first pure Olympic HDTV channel with on-site reports.
The state Italian broadcaster RAI plans an additional HDTV demonstration channel. However, this channel is only captivated in the large room Turin.
About 2500 Topathlen, of which alone 162 athletes from Germany, will fight in Funfzehn disciplines to seven competitions in and around Turin for medals. For this purpose, a fully digitized transmit and transmission technology was installed in Turin and on the competition lines removed from each other in the Alps in the Alps for the first time.
With glass fiber ring and satellite one wants to be against all possible contingent contents
The competition locations Bardonecchia, Cesana, Pinerolo, Pragelato, Sauzen d’Oulx and Sestriere are connected to the international broadcasting center IBC and other press centers in Turin over their own glass fiber ring. Over this glass fiber ring, all produced TV and sound signals can digitally enter the IBC in a speed of 270 Mbit / s. In addition, the network is handled by the entire communication of press, Olympic committee to the earnings services.
For Stammalle is the Turin Olympic Organizing Committee Toroc (Torino Organizing Committee XX Olympic Winter Games), Equipped. It relies on the detour of Ubers All and uses for the first time with the games satellites for backup services, if lines fail on the ground. In addition, the Toroc has built with the satellite operator Eutelsat, one of the sponsors of games, its own network for supplying all the competitions, the three Olympic Dorfer, hotels and public places with 50 Olympic and international TV channels.
With net and double floor
Eutelsat and the TOROC have set up a network for the supply of all competitions, the accommodation for teams and press and the public sites with a total of around 50 TV channels. Most alpine competitions in the mountains can be supplied via IBC and satellite with the Olympic TV channels. The signals are fed to the central head station in Sestriere in the glass fiber network to which the other competitions are connected. At this headstation there are additionally SAT antennas for the reception and feeding the international TV channel.
A look at the technical heart of the IBC: The contents of 19 channels of the network compiles the Tobo (Turin Olympic Broadcasting Organization) live from the International Transport Center (International Broadcasting Center) in Turin. The IBC is the heartstick of the TV infrastructure for the games.
Some localities in the mountains are not connected to the glass fiber network. Local satellite SMATV networks take over the supply of 19 Olympic sports channels, 30 international TV channels including ARD and ZDF, the Japanese HDTV channel and an infocanner of the satellite operator Eutelsat.
Technical Eutelsat Center in the IBC
In addition, Eutelsat for the European telecommunications Union (EBU) satellite capacities for transfer of games to their members. The NHK Japanese HDTV channel also transfers the pictures produced in Turin by Eutelsat to his European broadcasting center in Paris.
The EBU has been setting on Eutelsat satellites since 1988
The European television union EBU manages for the TV institutions connected to your connected TV institutions, all live transmission of sporting events, produces the high points and provides TV connections as well as associated technical services. The satellite capacity required for the games delivered as at all games since 1988 in Seoul the satellite operator Eutelsat. In the games you can build reporters via satellite at all on-site competitions a uplink to their respective broadcasting agents. The EBU will transfer 500 hours of games directly and simultaneously to their 74 members in 54 countries in Europe, in the Middle East and North Africa.
A look at the Toroc technology center in Turin: monitoring, coordination, control, evaluation and all information about every sport together.
For the games, the EBU built its own infrastructure. This is located on the new teleport Sky park of the Eutelsat daughter Skylogic in Turin. Over this teleport, the EBU simultaneously provides 18 satellite channels for TV transmissions. In this so-called Turin Sky park are about 5 5.500 square meters A total of 15 gross satellite antennas with a diameter between 5.6 and 6.3 meters for TV transmissions of international broadcasters in all world accommodated. Over these antennas can be fully supplied with signals up to 38 satellite transponders – this corresponds to about 360 to 400 TV channels. The Sky Park is connected to the IBC via glass fiber.
Old technology revived cost-saving
Since there are enormous financial burdens on the respective Olympic venue for the direction of the games, equipment used in early years is set to keep the costs in the context. In the international broadcasting center in Turin, therefore, a coarse part of the technical infrastructure already used in Salt Lake City and in Athens is used again. After the games, this device will be stored for the next games.
Reporting from the flowing band?
In a former production hall of Fiat, the press will now be over 50.000 square meters send their reports to the world. In the building complex Lingotto, technicians from all over the world since November the International Transmission Center IBC with 33.500 sqm, the main press center MPC with 11.000 sqm as well as for the American station NBC, to almost 7.000 sqm has a separate center with two studios. In the IBC, the images produced on site are prepared, transferring via satellite to the transmit centers in the home and distributed from there on the good distribution channels satellite, cable and terrestrial to households.
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