Greenpeace whalexpert Thilo Maack over the wild fishery and the situation of the pork whales in the North and Baltic Sea
On the Rio conference in June, the situation of the seas will be discussed. Overfish the oceans, boat traffic, poisons: more and more factors Hazard balance and biodiversity of the seas. In the North and Baltic Sea, it is the domestic pork whales, which vary because of the offshore wind farms, olplatforms and primary skills of fisheries. Their stock is the environmental association, but also the European Union now as a very danger. Thilo Maack is Walexperte at Greenpeace and often with ships on the North and Baltic Sea on the way. In the conversation, he points to the risks and possibilities to protect the small whales, the flippers are very similar.
Usual. Image: Avampiretear / GNU license for free documentation on the Rio conference are about two topics: 1. To better control the renewal of the institutional legal framework in order to better control the implementation of the principle of sustainable development and 2. to the "Green Economy", With the sub topics of the city, energy and the oceans. Will be Greenpeace with a claim for whale protection in Rio Present? Thilo Maack: We are also prasent with whale protection as we demand an environmental agreement for the high lake. These are the areas of the sea, which does not belong to any nations. For this we need an environmental agreement, because currently the game fishing, a pirate fishing, the gray zones in the legislation turnout. And this gray zone must be completely closed. This is our main claim at the Rio + 20 conference in the context of the debate about the oceans. We need an environmental protocol for the areas in the high lake. Which lands or which actors fish in the high lake illegal? Thilo Maack: This is a network of internationally operating companies. First and foremost, swarm fishing types are fished there. But there are also a fishing on the black hake on the sud half ball. Unfortunately, there are also nations of the European Union involved. Here Greenpeace has just performed examinations that will be published soon. You can be curious what comes out."
The darling of the Sylter tourists is rarely spotted
The Schweinswal is the only domestic walart in the North and Baltic Sea. In the early year, the whales hike into the flat custoic greatness, for example, in front of the island of Sylt, and seek the custodian territories from autumn. The international association to protect nature and natural resources estimates these small toothy whales as a very danger. While the commercial catch is still allowed in the Black Sea, he is forbidden in all states of the European Union. Which, in your opinion, are the reason for the disappearance of the so-called little tumer, which also mixes under bathing? Thilo Maack: The main grounds for the backbone are two factors. On the one hand the passing of the animals in the networks of fishing. The animals are tangled in the networks and since they can no longer be able to get the water surface to get air there, drown in the nets in the depths jammable. And the second reason is certainly that the Southern North Sea is incredibly loud with one of the most busy water taps of the world. And – as well as the world of people’s pictures are poured – is the world of whales from Tonen. The underwater noise of ship screws, the Larm of Olborohrklatformen drove to the animals can no longer be oriented properly that the groups are noiseless and the animals can no longer be found. The larm lauts also influence the hunting behavior under water." So far, scientific studies do not provide a secured overall view of the whale stock in the North and Baltic Sea. This is due to the small examination areas via helicopter or ship, with which individual individuals are paid. On the other hand, on the fast-changing weather and vision conditions, which make a correct inventory more difficult. A study in the western part of the Baltic Sea goes from 10.500 copies. In the central Baltic Sea, the treasure varies from Rostock in the central Baltic Sea to between 100 and 600 animals. Despite the different statistics, marine institutes go from a significant decrease in the inventory. How are you from Greenpeace to the danger of small walart, which can reach a long from up to one and a half meters, attention? Greenpeace has carried out its own studies? Thilo Maack: Greenpeace has not created its own studies. We have actually become aware of the very good contacts with the institutions on the North and Baltic Sea that the beach is increasing that significant more animals in recent years existed than before. And many of these animals wear so-called network brands. These are wounds and impressions of the stitches of the control networks, which carry the animals on the body, so that one can ame that the animals are in the networks of fishing. These are worrying numbers. But of course, we and others are also instructed on independent numbers and there are striking studies that show that the station fishing in particular is a rough danger for the pork whale innovation in the North and Baltic Sea.
Also protected areas do not effectively protect the tooth whale
It is known that the animals for hunting after ink fishing, crustaceans, flat fishing and bases grow up the seabed with the small pinball muzzle. They dive 20 to 90 meters deep and can remain under water for six minutes, without picking up air. An obstacle in the decrease and appearance are, of course, the control networks of the fisherman with their frictional nylon meshes. Often they are also miles. Why is such an okologically risky fishing that threatens biodiversity in the sea, allowing? Thilo Maack: The parking networks often have a long from 5 to 10 kilometers. If you have been putting all the parking networks in the North and Baltic Sea, you came to 10.000 kilometers net length. The control networks are currently allowed at least everywhere in the North and Baltic Sea. We have been working for years for the establishment of coarse-flat protected areas where these control networks are no longer allowed and where the pork whales had their refuges. There are clear examinations that show that in the area of the Sylter AuxeRiff are very many mother-calf couples, a lot of pork whales, which raise their boys there, and there you had to hold out, for example, the control networks to give a chance to the North Sea. to multiply and to grow to a healthy inventory growing. On the one hand, the whales resisted by clicking loungs, which also help you for orientation in the water and are not liable for fressfeinde like the gravity whale. Nevertheless, their reproduction is not secured. On the one hand, the female animals after pairing from June to August only once a year a young. On the other hand, the protected areas in front of fishermen are not safe. Why is it politically so difficult to keep the fishing in the protected areas and children’s tubes of the small whales, if the European Union protects the Schweinswal before the commercial catch anyway? Thilo Maack: The fishing ice cream has a very rough lobby and in the political parties there is no one who wants to burn the fingers on the coarse fishing license. Even the fishermen, who see that fishing in the protected areas danger the pig banking, fear a prospiere accident and say: "If the fishing is forbidden there, then it is the first FUB in the door to have other areas without parking networks and ultimately leads to a decline of fishing." This is in our view gross blodglish. We are of the opinion that you have to set up rough-flat protected areas in the North Sea. That also had the economically important effect on the fishermen that in these areas, in addition to the pork whales, the fish gesture recover, as there is no fisheries printing on this fish. And those will be so numerous within the protected areas that the fish emigrate from the protected areas and reflect outside the protected areas of fisheries. There is currently no single square meter in the Southern North Sea, which is not under the influence of fishing."
Greenpeace throws with rocks against fishing
In Sweden, Greenpeace activists threw stones into the protected areas of the whales in 2008 to protect the young animals in front of the deadlines. In Germany, there were 70 kilometers away from Sylt a similar action that was repeated in 2011. Could recover the pig population there in the meantime? Thilo Maack: While the Swedish government has evaluated the sinking of the boulders as nature conservation, this was prohibited in Germany. There are the opinions of two governments. We sinked these stones in Sweden as well as in the German tombs to the areas – it’s about stonery – before fishing. Once a year we make investigations, which has grown on the stones and whether there are still fishing activities there. It turns out that in these areas no basic trafficking fishing takes place more and that thereby creates a different species composition compared to the cereals. That’s good. Has recovered on the maritime charts and marine areas marked with rocky chairs? Thilo Maack: We thrown the stones in 2008. The pork whales get a young per year. It is not statistically not clean if we have already taken the first conclusions. But we accompany the whole thing with a monitoring, with examinations that we perform once a year. And we hope that we also have measurable effects in the next five to ten years. We hope that if the fish grow there in large numbers, then the pork whales can be better established. We make these quarry exits in May to the stones in the North Sea. There is dipped and looked, how many pork whales occur and how many fish live on the stones. (Claudia HangenTo)