Despite the adopted nuclear phase-out, the German government calls for the export of nuclear technology to all over the world: into European countries, to Brazil and also to India, where violent resistance is stimulating the construction of nuclear power plants
"The procedure of the police reminded me of a burger war!" That says the Indian anti-AKW activist Malathi Maithri over the state response to the protests on 22. Marz against a new nuclear power plant. The AKW Kudankulam arises in the state of Tamil Nadu, on the saddle of India. For years, the local population defends itself against this project. When the work has been resumed after a pretending structure of construction, the Indian police were massively against AKW opponents. Six thousand policemen, including many participants of special use commands "Rapid Action Forces", domed the blockages of the accessories and arrested several hundred people who had participated in the incidentally completely non-violent protest. The Indian Environmental Organization People’s Movement Against Nuclear Energy (PMAE) spoke of one "state of emergency" in Kudankulam.
Construction site of the nuclear power plant Kudankulam. Image: Iaea
Information about the current situation on the ground is difficult. The area around the village of Idinthakarai is continued to be sealed out, regardless journalists can not go to Kudankulam. "The administration has switched off water and electricity to distribute people from the protest", Says Malathi Maithri. "We do not know if and how people can supply with food." Some opponents of the AKW Kudankulam have come in hunger strike. Among other things, they demand that the charges against the organizers of the protests are dropped.
16 members of the Environment Initiative PMAE are threatened by the arrest according to Amnesty International. You will be among other things "Riot and war carrying against the state" and "Consistence and causation of unrest with deadly weapons" accused. Amnesty "Restricts that these charges were constructed and the resistances of Tamil NADU and the Indian government try to underpress the protests against the nuclear power plant". At the beginning of the year, the accounts of some domestic and foreign environmental organizations active in Tamil Nadu were frozen.
Now in Kudankulam is built under high prere again. The nuclear power plant is a joint project of the Indian nuclear energy authority and Russian atom tractors, a subsidiary of the Half State Energy Group Gazprom. The works started in 1997 and initiated from the beginning to resistance in the ingenious population, according to the Fukushima catastrophe, the protests conducted that the Government of Tamil Nadu in October 2011 arrived a leader in a leader and an expert team commissioned the safety of Plant to be checked again.
Most demonstrators against the AKW Kundankulam come from the region. The bais have the protests in the Kustendorf IDINTHAKARAI, whose available mainly from fishing. They are supported by individual environmental activists. Nevertheless, the prime minister of the Tamil-Nationalist government accuses "Foreign Kaftte", to resist the resistance to the atomic project. The interior minister of the country became more concrete and spoke of American and Scandinavian non-governmental organizations that were stalking behind the scenes the protests. In this way, the US and Europe were trying to turn off Russian competition.
A slightly absurd phraser took the debate on the alleged foreign wire at the end of February the German tourists Rainer Sunday Hermann was deported from the agencies because he should have given the demonstrators of money. On the other hand, television channels in Tamil-Nadu launch the claim that protests were steered by the Maoist Guerrilla.
Some of the conspiracy theories circulating in Tamil Nadu are Grotesk – but they have a serious background. The Indian energy market is fucked hard. When it started the lot "Renaissance of nuclear power" at all a bit of it is, then in the BRIC countries. Last year, 62 new reactors worldwide were under construction, of which the mostly part in the so-called emphasis – ten in Russia, FUF in India and 27 (!) in China.
The Indian government also focuses on nuclear power to satisfy the increasing energy consumption of the country. Russian, American and European corporations are trying to summarize FUB in this future market. Already in eight years Indian nuclear power plants are to be 20.000 megawatts a year produce – the goods have a facilitation of the present share!
The planned expansion of nuclear energy hits resistance – not as violent as in Tamil Nadu, but well with success. Thus, the construction of new nuclear power plants in the states of Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, who have been planned for years, were previously prevented today. In West Bengal (Haripur), a project was broken down completely. Also in Kudankulam, the protests have brought up the original schedule for the original schedule: Actually, the plant should go into operation in early April.
German export claim for Indian nuclear power plants?
To the companies from the global north, which supply atomic technology to India, also attend Areva. This semi-state French group is involved in an AKW building in Jaitapur in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is not unusual – unusual, however, that AREVA for this project wants to have financial support from the German state.
"Fukushima has changed my attitude to nuclear energy", explained a year ago Angela Merkel, shortly after the Havaria of the Japanese nuclear power plant. So the Chancellor charged the turnaround of the black-yellow government in terms of atomic energy. However, the Federal Government still demands the export of atomic technology to all world with export guarantees.
For example, for the construction of the nuclear power plant in Brazil Angra 3. Here, the government had already agreed to take over a Hermes burgschaft over 1.3 billion euros. According to the Fukushima shock, however, the government commissioned a new risk report to Angra 3 at the Institute for Security Technology (ISTEC). This subsidiary of the German company for plant and reactor safety (GRS) rated the project positively in 2010. So far, this report is not yet available.
In Hermes castles, the German Government guarantees a company to take the costs if a foreign client does not pay. For more export castles for nuclear technology, there are previous questions: to England, Finland, India and China. This fact was given by a request of the green parliamentarian Sven-Christian Kindler. "It is schizophrenic to want to the nuclear phase-out in this country and at the same time support the construction of new scrap reactors abroad", find childler.
Areva is, like EADS, a failed project of German-French industrial axis. 2001 the Group with Siemens a joint venture. Eight years later, Siemens moved back. Why should the German government support the foreign interests of a French company? Kindler believes that the company argues with workplaces at the AREVA location Erlangen.
Which companies receive export guarantees from the German state, can be difficult to understand. Only with warranties over a billion euros the parliament is now available. Then the application will be debated in the parliamentary budgetary committee. With smaller sums, the government decides self-capable of which export behalf should be recoverous. The Federal Ministry of Finance explains this procedure following:
Over principal ies and the enhancing accounting, an Interministerial Committee (IMA) decides, in which the Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF), the Own Office (AA) and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) are represented. The Federal Government will advise the Federal Government in its decisions in the IMA in addition to the mandaten by specifically appointed experts from trade, banks and industry.
Allegedly, German exporters have already been supported in the past, the technology for nuclear power plants. With state export guarantees German companies can be against economic and "Political risks" Secure, for example "Nationalization and expropriation" and "War and turmoil" be paid. According to the report abroad, the demand of German companies is constantly increasing according to such state support.
The fact that the Atom Group AREVA is now for an export guarantee for the planned nuclear power plant in Jaitepur shocks German environmental protection organizations. In JaitaPur, first two should "European prere water reactors" (EPR) to be built with a capacity of 1650 megawatts each, four more later. Then declined at the Indian Ocean the largest nuclear power plant in the world. Greenpeace criticizes that when using Areat’s prerized water reactors in the past repeated security ies (Finland declined the construction of new nuclear power plants). And the environmental organization "Primal" points to that the location Jitacur "in a high-risk zone for earthquake" lounger. In the last 20 years in the region three earthquakes with a strong above FUNF had took place on the judge scale and one with the strong 6.3.