DIVSI Director Matthias Chamber and Silke Borgstedt from the Sinus Institute in the presentation of the study. Image: Divsi
40 percent of Germans are Digital Outsiders – the DIVSI Institute Under the auspices of the Art Federation Presents a study to trust and security on the Internet
With the German Institute for Trust and Security on the Internet (DIVSI), Deutsche Post launched a society in 2011, which has made it aim, "to demand confidential and secure communication on the internet". As a patron of the DIVSI, the fine Federal Prassident Joachim Gauck could be recovered. Now the institute has introduced a study and security on the Internet – and thus not only provides deep insights into the handling of various user groups with the Internet, but above all in the setting Gaucks to the Internet.
The working basis of the DIVSI are seven theses too "Trust and safety on the Internet", which has set up the burger lawyers and self-proclaimed Democratieler Gauck for the Institute. In these theses, Gauck explains the internet to one "Culture performance of humanity of historical significance", But emphasizes the hazards that brings the technology.
For example, Gauck claims that the anonymity of the network complicates the work of justice. The anonymity will "increasingly abused for criminal purposes". Gauck himself calls as a reason for his activity as a patrol, which he is currently resting due to his candidacy for the Federal President Office and will settle according to his choice, he wanted to be "Secured identities also on the web – that I wife who is my opposite" Insert, but also for secured anonymity "where I want it" – how to work, however, he could not reveal to the presentation of the study. Joachim Gauck was not there. As a candidate for the castle Bellevue, he currently has other appointments.
In doing so, a lot of explanation required, which is concerned with the position of Gaucks for freedom on the internet, after all, he was able to give important impetus here as a fine Federal President. But already the foreword to the study, which Gauck wrote before his nomination, was not allowed to arrive well with many netaffin burgers, to steep Gauck’s theses: "The worldwide internet offers all the conditions to allow the fundamental rights of all burgers in this country enhanced in the first ten articles of our emphasis." But why should the Internet the equality of the burger before the law (Article 3) or the freedom of belief (Article 4), the protection of marriage and family (Article 6) or the freedom of assembly (Article danger?
In his narrow introductory text, Gauck is guilty of any approach to an explanation – a miserable performance for a democratic teacher. A special threat represents the Internet according to Gauck for Article 5 of the Basic Law, the opinion and press freedom. That seems absurd, because never had such a rough number of people the possibility to achieve a rough, even international audience with relatively small means, and thus also draw attention to abuses.
However, this does not seem to mention this way, which is why he has to ask himself as he stands to critical publications beyond the established press. Gauck’s charges against the Internet, concluded in the likewise completely unfounded claim, also Article 1, which was threatened by man, threatened by the network. Who has read Gauck’s foreword inevitably the question of why he has not called the Federal Scarf Court for help in this emergency.
40 percent of Germans are Digital Outsiders
It is important for Gauck, "the Internet and its users more sensitiveness, more attention and research" to dedicate, "In order to realize such dangers for our freedom to make real estimates and confidence in the medium". This thought-out Gaucks is also important to understand, for which political goals the study of the DIVSI can be used.
For the study, the Sinus Institute 2 has 2.000 people from the age of 14 in a representative survey face-to-face personally interviewed, and 60 interviews took place at people at home. It was also examined how much the Internet is integrated in the definition of the respondents. DIVSI-Direkor Matthias Chamber is convinced that the study describes the state of the Internet company Praziser, when it ever happened before.
One of the most important findings is that the number of Internet users is much lower than it suggests the previous investigations. So far, above all, it was known that 80 percent of households have an internet connection.
However, this does not say anything about the actual use behavior. But that’s exactly what the Sinus Institute examined and came to the conclusion that 40 percent of the Germans "Digital Outsider" be. These lives complete or almost completely without internet. In this group, those who use the Internet very rare and exclusively use strange help, be it for fear or lack of competence in the operation of the devices.
Silke Borgstedt from the Sinus Institute completed that the "Digital Outsider" either completely offline or by handling the internet were strongly unsettled. Many members of this group who use the Internet anyway from time to time, did not do so voluntarily. Internet access will be invested by AUBEN. Since they did not promise added value from the Internet, they do not want to understand the Internet, so Borgstedt. For her, the net is especially dangerous.
the "Ordering Internet Lay"
the "Digital Outsider" Divided the study again into two groups. the "Ordering Internet Lay" Benefit the network therefore reduces and carefully carefully. However, the Internet usage compensates for fear of making mistakes, rather an avoidance strategy – is made only, which seems safe. With topics such as privacy and safety, they come in the network in the absence of intensive use rather little in access, headlines on data scandals in the media they horrify themselves.
In order to involve these dangers, they demand a strong state, which ensures the Internet for ok and the overcoming virtual world. The possibilities of the individual to protect themselves from dangers in the network, this group appears low – Digital abstinence seems to be the only possibility.
"Internet remote uncertain"
Also the "Internet remote failure", which are completely offline to two-thirds and represent the oldest group, demand a strong state. Although they do not come into access for themselves with the Internet, it affects them unsettling and threatening to a diffuse way. Their fertest concerns less themselves, as they do not use the net, but they carefully worry about their children and grandchildren. Anonymity on the Internet should not give it no matter. To their demands are simple and secure service offerings with warranty obligations to be provided by trusting institutions.
Both subgroups tended for the observations of the researchers to set up possibly existing computers in curious, poorly heated economic rooms or to hide behind shranks.
Digital natives: "Unkamed hedonists", "Efficiency-oriented performer" and "Digital Souverane"
At the 41 percent a little big group of "Digital native" On the other hand, Internet-fahalgeras are an integral part of the living environment. This group, which the study again in "unkamed hedonists", "Efficiency-oriented performer" and "Digital Souverane" subdivided, see the network as a natural part of its lifeworld and can not even imagine it, according to the study, that there are people who are not at home on the internet. All three subgroups tend to emphasize the ownership of the user in dealing with the dangers in the network and to reject governmental procedures. The study therefore concludes that the digital native is a sensitivity of people exposed to lower Internet competence, which are exposed to risks and dangers in high mabe, must be generated.
However, according to the study, a good part of the digital native is not able to move safely on the net. So the "unkamed hedonists", the study as "Fun-oriented" and "not risk-sensitized" classifies, typically statements to like: "I do not worry about the security on the internet, what should happen to me?" or "If I lost data on the internet, I’m confident to get you back at some point". Own responsibility fails in convenience and disinterest, but at the same time there is a basic mistrust of opposite institutions, which is why the group for a free internet plan.
The "Digital Souveran" Throws the study in matters of security "I-centered perspective" because they are out of the faith to be able to navigate Souveran on the internet and thus to be immune to dangers, rejecting the demand of insecure Internet users after more government control and monitoring. With this attitude, the Divsi suggests, bring the "Digital Souveran" However, even in danger:
"Also, the Digital Souveranes even sign their protection conservation", so the conclusion about this group – an unavailable demand, also to bring this group to the prior to a strict regulated internet.
Interesting is in this context that the study "Souveran" Although self-proceeds attested, but at the same time this group together with the "Perform" as appropriate multipliers sees to sensitize other user groups for security risks. the "Efficiency-oriented performer" According to study, according to the study, an upscale social milieu, the highest income level, are successful and performance-oriented and use the Internet predominantly for labor facilitation. You want a freedom internet, but also take the state and above all rough branded companies in the duty to provide security on the net.
The 20 percent smallest group, the "Digital Immigrants", Technology rather as a means of purpose and use the Internet very targeted. The group is characterized by the fact that you first inform yourself before it uses a service and is very sensitized for security and privacy topics. You see the responsibility for a safe handling of the Internet at the user – but not outlined.
So the subgroup of the "Postmater Skeptics" In security ies, above all, non-governmental organizations that can uncover misstatements and security. the "Responsible established" On the other hand, especially the state see in the duty to provide security on the Internet and to move users to a responsible handling of the medium.
Freedom and technical answer
Overall, the study concludes that half of the population does not believe in absolute security on the internet, a third, on the other hand,, on the other hand, the same excluding the "Digital native", which it really had to know better. At the same time, 39 percent of the population with security and privacy are surprised and unsettled accordingly. Whole 74 percent demand that the state and the economy on the Internet provide for their safety, 60 percent locating the responsibility even primarily there, so they want to push away. The conclusion of the study: "Who does not know, demands protection, who fits safely, calls for freedom" – This dilemma must face politics.
On Joachim Gauck’s response as a head of state on this dilemma you can be curious – it does not sound like that as Gauck was also used on the Internet in doubt for freedom. The former FDP General Christian Lindner likes to be glad that Gauck against the "Technical attack" the German polemized. Lindner’s claim that it does not give it such anxiety, but does not seem to be stable. Joachim Gauck has started his preface with his preface.