The mull mountains have disappeared in many places, but the waste problem is solved?
The cruise within the EU increases unbraked. Between 1995 and 2003, an increase of 19 percent was recorded at fixed settlement waste. This corresponded to the GDP growth in the same period. Every europe leaves average on average 530 kilograms of settlement mull – 20 years ago there were still around 200 kilograms less (Germany 2004: CA. 580 kilograms per capita). At the end of August, the Federal Ministry of Environment His proposals for the amendment of the Waste Framework Directive to the other EU Member States. Furthermore, for the Federal Environment Ministry, the attitude to the recovery status of mull incinerations (MVA) is open. The EU Commission had suggested to recognize MVA as recycling facilities only with particularly high energy efficiency – in Germany, however, the countries have almost everyone now. 70 available systems ied this status. These burn 16 million tons of mull – declined. ascending trend.
As a guiding principle of a hierarchical waste management in Germany, at least on paper (both by Federal Immission Protection Act (BImSchG) as well as by the Circular Economics and Waste Act (KrW- / AbfG): "Avoid removing before use". The material of thermal exploitation should be preferable. But there are aspirations within the European Union to abolish the priority of the material before thermal exploitation. Interested parties for this change can be found among farmers, power plant and MVA operators, power generators and in the cement industry.
About the definition of biogenic shares in the fire, subsidization is conceivable, for example due to the renewable energy law (EEG. On the other hand, before the parliamentary summer break of the waste policy speakers of the SPD parliamentary group Gerd Bollmann spoke. He pointed out that with a further increase in thermal utilization the theoretically desired resource conservation was less considered less considered. A dedication of waste as a substitute fuel (EBS) inevitably resulted in the fact that more waste has been produced again. Critically reviewed Bollmann also doubtful accounting magic arts regarding the carbon dioxide outlet. The inspection of the mull combustion argues that the thermal utilization was reduced the CO2 outlet. As on the workshop of the Federal Environmental Agency "Energy from waste – a significant contribution to climate protection" from 6.-7.November 2006 showed a meanwhile salon’s rhetoric.
PROMINENT MVA BEFORDERS can also be found in Bollmann’s own party, for example Reinhard Schultz, according to its own confession "Industrial policy and market economically oriented SPD member of parliament", for the priority of the material recovery is no longer to be represented.
Replacement fuel from Mull as a source of energy
Replacement fuels or fuels from waste as dry stabilate should allow for a material flow-specific waste disposal, in which every burst ingredient is supplied its most favorable recovery form. Materials with better fitness for material recovery are separated here before combustion.
Due to the current efforts to save primary energy carriers, numerous applications for industrial use of replacement fuels result as in mono- or co-combustion. The energetic exploitation of waste is regulated in Germany in the Circulatory Economic Economy and Waste Act. Accordingly, an energetic utilization is, among other things, if the calorific value of the individual waste (without mixing with other substances) at least 11.000 kj / kg amounted to.
The CEWEP (Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants) talks about efforts to take out fuels from waste from waste definition. For the CEWEP, this waste continues to be classified as a waste and not as a product and commodity. Otherwise, industrial plants that remove this waste did not comply with the emission limits of the waste incineration policy. They could then emit much higher pollutant concentrations than, for example, waste incineration plants. This is neither extremely ecological nor out of grates of competition.
The Federal Government notes that the energy efficiency required by the EU Commission proposed by 60% for old plants and 65% of new installations was only achievable if MVA produced not only electricity but also emphasis. However, this fails frequently at the respective location of the MVA. The CEWEP also feels the targeted efficiency criteria as supervised.
The avoidance as an okologically close solution of the mull problem is avoided
From an equally heated discussion about more efficient waste prevention as a very olarest way to become the mull problem Lord, nothing is to traces. On the contrary. The EU Commissioner Stavros Dimas, steady for the environment, stop none of sharp rules for waste prevention or recycling. In June 2006, the EU Council meeting was acquainted with "Recycling society", which is to be achieved by different measures. Which should be, however, remained vague. You prefer to familiarize the power of the market.
The Bavarian Minister of State for the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection Werner Schnappauf formulated deputy for the MVA lobby during his speech at the Brussels talks about the topic "Waste – a resource" the extraction, "certain actors" were able to demand quantifiable targets in the area of mull avoidance.
In your comment on the proposal of the EU Commission for the change in the Waste Framework Directive (ABRFL), the Federal Government finds that the development of waste prevention programs should not be mandatory, but can be made to the discretion of the Member States. The Federal Ministry of Environment should mean meanwhile "National Action Program Resource efficiency" to develop. This action program should help, "Germany to develop the most resource-efficient (coarse) economy by 2020".
Among other things, the EU Commission wanted to start on the mull sector with a comprehensive bureaucracy reduction, because even within the mull industry, the flood of regulations is barely to overlook. However, critics also flourished that at this occasion Klammhanntlich’s bursting environmental policy principles are to be disposed of.
And as hardly any other industry, the mull industry seems to be particularly attractive for illegal business jumps, and not only since the case Triereekens. In addition, repeatments of illegal disposals make the round.
DEPONIES PFUI, Mull burning Hui?
Since 1. June 2005, only waste from private households, which were previously treated in gull combustion plants (MVA) or mechanical-biological treatment plants (MBA), are deposited on the basis of the 2001 Waste Depositary Regulation and Technical Instructions (TA) settlement waste from 1993 to landfills. The immediate deposition of biodegradable remaining waste is also no longer admitted. (MBA provide for a wide variety of air load types. In particular, they must be the emission limits of the Ordinance of Biological Treatment (30). BImSchV) fulfill. By 2007, in the Federal Republic of 66 plants with an annual capacity of 7.1 million tonnes should be given.To)
Since then, the number of landfills is strongly jerked. For this nationwide new mull incineration plants as well as replacement fuel systems are built or replacement fuel systems. extended; Numerous other projects are in planning and are also likely to be implemented to the coarse part. According to Ludger Rethmann, Chairman of the Board of Remondis, Germany’s largest private service provider of water and circular economy, should 5.4 million tonnes of capacities for MVA and around 7 million tons of capacities for EBS equipment. REMONDIS expects the market to be surprised at the latest in two to three years, and warns of premature financial statements with plant operators.
This sees Helge Wendenburg, Head of Water Management Department, Waste Management and Soil Protection of the Federal Ministry of Environment, different. Waste owners who have a shoy, long-term appointment, which they needed to maintain disposal security for their waste, were not surprised if investment decisions were not hit on the other side. Decision help Mull-Patt – Who should believe the affected municipalities?
Rethmann also criticized individual decision-making criteria that had led to fragile MVA new buildings. So there are approved MVA projects, in whose perimeter in the foreseeable future no ton of municipal house mull for awarding.
Mull incinerators are meanwhile harmless?
According to information of the Federal Ministry of Environment: Obviously yes. Accordingly, mull combustion plants do not role a role in emissions of dioxins, dust and heavy metals due to greatly improved filtering technologies. Rather, it is concluded here that there was no more poisons in the air without MVA.
But not all observers want to evaluate the situation so excited. Klaus Koch from the Environmental Association "The better gauge concept" indicates the obsolete assessment basis of the Federal Immission Protection Act (1986), the basis of which is a 70 kilogram of heavy unity resource, which never came into his life with chemicals and pollutants. After the 17. Ordinance on the implementation of the Federal Immission Protection Act (17.BImSchV) were detected and measured 12 pollutants – in fact, the scattered 60-emerging cocktail with scattered 60.000 chemical compounds of a lot richer. At the same time he sees problems with the filtering lung gaiting fine donkey. Cook warns to counteract economic interests much decisively to avoid additional burdens of population, nature and subsequent generations.
The Kiel Toxicologist Hermann Kruse holds heavy metal emissions now for significantly more serious than the ie of organic compounds. He also pointed to an enlarged discrepancy between technically feasible and the filter installations installed at the end, which make up a majority of the costs. Some municipalities opted for the cheap variant. The statutory provisions were thus complied with, only it actually went much better. In contrast, they repeatedly hear demands of correcting legally applicable pollutant limits in the EU mabboat.