Bolivia nationalized railways

Bolivian Prasident Evo Morales continues his nationalization policy

The Bolivian Prasident Evo Morales announced the nationalization of train companies on Sunday. Affected by the envision will be Chilean and US companies, which have divided the rail network under the privatization ten years ago. Until the beginning of August, the 21 commissions must "Constitute", the catching assembly, give their results, which is why the tension rises. Problems are above all about the design of the "Autonomy". Indigenous Volkers have turned the autonomic requirements of the four rich departments for themselves. They now demand the establishment "Indigenous self-government areas".

Bolivia nationalized railways

Viceprasident Alvaro Garcia Linera and Prasident Evo Morales. Image: Abi.Bo

Last Sunday, Evo Morales experienced the renationalisation of "Empresa Nacional de Ferrocarriles" (ENFE). With the nationalization of the train companies, Morales continues another step forward to make the privatizations of the process registrations again, so that the natural resources can also be good for the population of one of the poor Lander Latin America. "The people who took the privatization at the time should explain us today, where the fruits of this process are", said Morales. "The capitalization never took place. Instead, the capital was deprived of the Bolivian people and our companies, and that’s why we start nationalization now".

ENFE was partially privatized and split in 1996. The powerful Chilean Group Luksic got the surcharge for the Empresa Ferroviaria Andina (EFA), which operates the route network in the Andean region. She promised investments in a high of 13.2 million US dollars in the 2.261 kilometers long rail network. The Company "Trenes Continental", A branch of the US company Genesee Wyoming received the control over the network in the rich lowland in the east of the country. Although in both cases, theoretically, 49 percent are theoretically "Bolivian people", However, these shares are managed by the Spanish coarse bank Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA) and the Swiss Financial Institution Zurich Financial Service. The new nationalization has taken care of in diplomatic circles and entrepreneurs in Chile for displeasure. A planned meeting for Wednesday between Chilean entrepreneurs and the Bolivian government has been postponed. It should also be about an agreement on the scanning of relations between Chile and Bolivia. However, it can be amed that the companies concerned are optimally chosen, similarly as at the superseavement of refineries from Brazilian Petrobras in May (dispute between Bolivia and Brazil covered nationalization of olraffineria). Morales can have no interest in a dispute with the neighbors, the Chilean Port of Arica and Antofagasta have turned into the main envelope facilities for minerals and agricultural products of Bolivia.

The Government Moral is now another step, after the nationalization of the ol- and gasswear, the land reform, the nationalization of a giverin in February, which the Swiss company Glencore belonged, and the supersence of refineries of Petrobras. With the Italian Telecom, the government is currently still in a dispute over the control of the telecommunications company Enabling.

Conflicts for the autonomy of departments and indigenous communities

Since parliamentarians from Morales Party Movement for socialism have suggested to have guessed by the new project, which so far did not even give a law draft, Morales wanted to distract the attention from another problem.

Because his wire ropes in the preparation of the emergence leave traces. The fact that he has steered against the four rich departments in the lowland Santa Cruz, Pando, Beni and Tarija in the autonomic frames creates new contradictions and brings him under prere of their own base (power struggle in Bolivia). In view of the fact that the 21 commissions, which are employed by the preparation of the term, until spat at the latest on 6. August your templates have to hand over, the tension rises. 19 commissions have already ended their work and more than 500 articles of the new springs are worked out.

after the "Socket of Pandora" Obtained, however, the indigenous Volker in Bolivia, why it is to give an autonomy of artically created departments and turn the demands of the rich provinces: they are loud the establishment of indigenous self-government areas over the emergence one (the other catching) to meet the real situation in the country. Finally, two-thirds of the population Indigenas, which can be assigned to 11 language families. Their language areas are not considered in any form by the current limits of the departments.

Thus, the relief of the tribe of the Guarani had blocked the most important straws to Argentina and Paraguay for ten days. The blockages were only repealed when the Commission’s capital Sucre was ared to take into account its demands. Nevertheless, hundreds of Indigenas went to a 600-kilometer Fubmarsch in the capital to give their demands reprint.

The prere seems to be successful. After ten days, the marchers expired the protest on Tuesday. Adolfo Chavez, Prasident of the Confederation of the Indigenous Volker of the East (Cidob), said 90% of the proposals were now taken by the Commission. In fact, Members of the Commission had made their way to the marchers last Saturday in order to discuss their demands and discuss with them.

The conflict for the autonomic notice but is only postponed after the transfer of the Commission text only to the plenum. That there is the deadline to the adoption of the catchy text to 14. December was demonstrated that one is aware of this. In the next year, the population is then decided on the term of referendum.

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