A meal value open source model in gene research

The boundaries between knowledge as public good and private property must be redeemed

The transition from the industry to the knowledge or information society brings it with itself that richness is no longer based on the possession of natural resources or means of production, but on knowledge that in techniques and products are implemented. The property of knowledge is the protection of this intangible, but often expensive ownership by laws or by techniques become one of the primary fights of the knowledge society, whether it is about music, gene sequences, images, software or research reports.

The trend clearly goes in the direction of privatization of knowledge, while earlier science, primarily inside the publicly required institutions such as universities, their documents and results were more likely to handhurt as open source. The obvious also to the understanding of science, which was operated by an open community of scientists. The open accessibility of the information through publications allows checking out the results, but also a further authorization of research. Today, however, a patent mania occurred, in which not only the research laboratories of the private sector, but also those of the universities. On the route, a discussion of it remains a discussion of whether the inspection of knowledge does not hinder the scientific research process in the long term in the long term and the Scientific Community destroys, while the competition contributes to the rapid appropriation of new knowledge overdies to the scanning of the wealthy event. In any case, the right to information and access to knowledge is in the defensive and will continue to be cropped.

For this reason, the formation of a consortium for an area of genetic research, where 10 gross pharmaceutical companies, including Bayer, Hoffmann-La Roche, Novartis and Hoechst Marion Roussel, and four British and American universitar research laboratories and the Foundation Wellcome Trust participate, At least for the time being a certain bright spot – and a possible model for the future. The Consortium wants to free the results of the two-year project over $ 45 million of the global scientific community free of charge.

The aim of the joint project is to sequence the so-called SNPs and publish them in a database. SNPS (single nucleotides polymorphism) are variants of the nucleotides in the genes that differ in humans. It is amed that people own around 100,000 genes and that 99.9 percent of genes are identical in all people. Sequenced in the two years 300,000 SNPs, whose identification could give up, why people are more accurate for certain diseases, but of course, how specific medicines can be developed for treatment. If you are looking for DNA chips soon, with which you can quickly and cheap analyze the genetic code of a single analysis, then the SNP database could promote medical research and treatment enormously.

Through the cooperation, the companies involved can certainly save costs. You can convince you of this, so Michael Morgan of Wellcome Trust that you can increase your reputation if you provide the research results of the public: "This is similar to the concept of open source software. While people use the database, they gain information that will be added to the database in favor of all." DNA sequences for the project can be taken from the particularly access database of the Human Genome Project. The DNA itself should come from anonymous donors. The results collected in the SNP project can, of course, be used by companies for their own research to develop products that can then be patented. At this point, the gross companies that participate in the consortium continues to benefit even if the "Source code" free is.

It is interesting as a background reason for the project that the American Patent Office has decided that SNPs are patentable. Therefore, there are already numerous companies to sequence the SNPs to sell them to pharmaceutical companies. So in this case, the project of the consortium could also have the reason for sequencing many SNPs faster through joint effort so as not to pay too many licenses for the genetic resource. For the Scientific Community, the patentability of the SNPs was the problem that there may be a variety of private databases, which keep their information under removal and make only licensing.

As always honorable or selfish so this project may be, so it is what the free accessibility of research results from universitarian and private laboratories is concerned, but only a drop on a hot stone, as long as it is not clear how generally access to scientific and other information is regulated, for example, whether the world society is entitled to can see certain information free and free. It is also allowed to be curious, such as scientific clays that switch to electronic publishing, make access rights. Today you can read printed magazines for free in public libraries, but what about such a thing "public space" in Cyberspace? Can libraries with Internet access the right to purchase that their computers from about scientific journals together with the archive of all can be requested free of charge? If you, so the taxpayer, pay for a specific quota to users or items, the emotion is only for a certain period of time? Which information must be made up of principlely accessible, so not only from libraries, which may probably lose their function possible with the increasing emigration of literature to the Internet? These are questions that have so far been tackled only in the meaning that governments try to avoid the worst, but have not really taken over to define the boundaries of private appropriation and thus strengthening knowledge and information.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: