We give ourselves the retail trade

How TTIP will urge the seashore

The transatlantic free trade agreements TTIP, which were mostly celebrated by numerous burgers, offers even more than chlorine chicken.

After being quite quiet for the ominose chlorbad for the dead chicken in recent months, the theme of asylum seekers has turned the free trade topics very far into the background.

In connection with the free trade agreements, it is usually spoken by a harmonization of the legal framework conditions. In this context, usually standards and standards are highlighted. overlooking it is almost always that the German term "standard" in English "default" corresponds to the German "default" the English "standard" It is used. An approximation of the terminations, however, is not for discussion after the information available so far.

In the public discussion is completely hidden the fact that the standards to remain at the German term is not state laws, but the results of private negotiations of the so-called "Interested circles", For the now the specialist "Stakeholder" gives. In the succinct bodies are represented in the main representative of large companies, because only those already have sufficient staff, which can be parked for such tasks. Small companies hardly have a co-dependability in the environment alone. For small businesses, therefore, with TTIP with regard to the standards nothing else.

Significantly more serious appear the US ideas regarding the collection of VAT in transatlantic trade. You have to know that VAT ("Value Added Tax "/ VAT) is collected by the states in the US and also varied depending on the industry and product. An import sales tax as it is in Europe, however, is not available in the US. In addition, the respective value added tax in the US is only calculated on the goods if the seller (s) has a seat in the same state as the buyer. As a result of this scheme, shipping handlers with central warehouses in one state were able to provide significant advantages of against stationary handlers in the other states. In practice, the result was that in some industries the (shipping) handlers in a state bale and the stationary trade in other states due to the existing tax burden.

All US products in the EU market released from VAT?

The US subhanders now intend to use comparable regulations even when shipping from the US to European customers can apply and want to be the so-called in a first step "de minimis threshold" for a customs and value added tax freedom for goods exports to the EU to 800 US dollars. Thus, all US products in the EU market were freed from VAT. Since there is no import sales tax as mentioned above, it can be amed that the intended customs and value added tax exemption also envisages import tax freedom as given. European products were then clearly disadvantaged towards imports from the USA. Da Ttip as a so-called "Living Agreement"has been planned, in the context of the adopted Treaty without any parliamentary language in a kind of transatlantic authorities and with advice by the representatives of the multinational corporations could be implemented. A production of the DE Minimis threshold value on this way without any problems possible.

With the VAT liberation for US imports, the European manufacturers were disadvantaged at first glance. However, the European trade and member states were suffering much stronger under the liberation. A European manufacturer was able to sell its production to a US handler and deliver the goods to the fulfillment center of a logistics company in a duty-free area. If the American handler then sells the goods in Europe, so the plan, no customs and no VAT. Had the European manufacturer sold the goods on a European handler, the applicable VAT rate has been fally.

What is therefore realized on the detour via Luxembourg with regard to the German copyright tax on storage products, with TTIP also in the case of the European VAT, a well-promising business model. The tax terminals in the VAT, which can be up to 25 percent in the EU member states, were allowed to force some state budget quickly into their knees. Even from the European retail trade, due to the tax benefits in the direct imports from the USA, not much remained much. Whether and how to avoid such development is currently unknown.

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