Robo cars: should autonomous drive already be admitted for private individuals?

Robo cars: Should autonomous drive already be admitted for private individuals?

The Federal Government wants to bring autonomous vehicles into specified operating areas such as shuttle operations or when parking on the strain. This commitment is meaningful for commercial application trap, for example, to ensure the connection to public transport without its own car, Marion Jungbluth declared from the Federal Association of Consumer Centers (VZBV) on Monday with an appeal to the legislation in the Bundestag. But she also realized: There should not be a working permit for private owners.

Expensive in running operation, little use

"Olga normal consumer poses her money box for an autonomous car", Warning Jungbluth from over-related expectations of potential users. 150.000 Euro blatter them for such a vehicle. Thus, the holder then came to "Many new tasks" To: You have a major investigation about every six months, after 90 days a first overall screening and a daily advanced downhill checking, if you have applied for a specified operating area. Since deactivation should also be possible in the current operation, staff is not up to the intended "Technical supervision" (TA): The "Professional care" Maybe with 1000 euros a month to be booked.

The technology enthusiastic user has no long time "Attractive overall package", The Consumer Protector Thoroughly. The only thing you are admitted: "She can watch your sled when parking." There is no other application for private holder according to the design. This function was also a promise of the law for the highly automated driving in 2017. However, the previously available details have not provided the Federal Ministry of Transports in a Historical Regulation.

For Jungbluth it is "nonsense", With the initiative private autonomous driving as well as defining as when using public transport companies. To be released, Robo cars were so far as "Luxury segment for millionare". For a broad acceptance of self-propelled cars were against it "Visible success story" asked. Therefore, it was better to set up rules for private riders from the experiences with the planned law in the next legislative period.

Lots of attack scenarios

The private use of technology is "unsafe", Warned the chairman of the association Algoright, Stefan Hessel. There are active cyber attacks on the fundamentally new technology, over the approximately terrorists take a car or criminals the vehicle with ransomware could engage. For this purpose, passive attacks came about handed over manipulated traffic signs, which interpret the system incorrectly. Furthermore, the vehicles could be used as an attack as part of a botnet network.

Although the requirements of UNECE there are international rules for updates, authenticity and the readability of data, alleged Hessel. These had to be implemented even more clearly about a regulation. To commercial space for the "Testing and evaluation" In the context of a precursor to a comprehensive regulation, this is rich. However, private individuals are already unsuitable because of the declaration and information obligations from the Data Protection Basic Regulation (DSGVO), which were derived from the use of monitoring cameras, as responsible holder. The lawyer recommended to clearly clear open technological and legal ies at European level.

"Keep all options open"

Barbara Lenz, Consultant of the Institute of Transport Research at the German Center for Aerospace (DLR), he kept it wrong, "Certain working forms such as the private car". Not only the public could make your offer with autonomous features more attractive. Consumers also had to "no longer co-work with the driving task" and could be about "pick up and discontinue at any time" permit. Generally, legal operating areas should be fixed.

Her colleague Katharina Seifert, who leads the Institute for Traffic System Technology at DLR, also pladated for it, "All options open" to keep. It should be possible, about the technical supervision the risks "some measure under control" to keep and the control tasks on "Suitable places" delegate. Overall, it is a one "right step", To bring over-looking projects forward. Points like the "necessary balance too sovereign tasks" and other aspects such as the climate goals and traffic control were not completely covered.

It is meaningful, via defined operating areas and the technical supervision "Islands reduced complexity" to create and gain experiences, also explained the head of the Fraunhofer Institute for Experimental Software Engineering (ISES), Peter Liggesmeyer. Whether there is already a business model for the individual traffic, he doubt. Nevertheless, the approach has the charm, even in the private sector "Trials relatively informally carried out" be able to. The rest should be released to the market. It should be important that the learning systems can add insights in running operation.

Much more traffic safety possible

For this purpose, Jurgen Bonninger demanded a status of the company FSD vehicle system data as the Motor Trade Office (KBA), which "Transport object data" and measured values from individual driving scenarios with the help of a central register evaluation. This can contribute to this, "that the vehicle improves". On the other hand, it may also be possible to force for violation updates to deprive functions or to bring back a mode of operation.

Autonomous cars could have one "significant contribution to the increase in traffic safety" replaced the Prassident of the German Traffic Safety Council (DVR), Walter Eichendorf, confident. The design way here is still laughing up, for example with one "Continuous Felduberwang" and specifications for collecting aggregated, anonymous "Environmental data" For fault detection, the accident analysis. It does not matter, for the operating permit on one "Manufacturer’s clarification" turn off. Updates had to be approved by the KBA, clarified liability ies. The VZBV also sees massive correction needs here.

Impulse for the mobility and road turns, Martin Schmitz is expected from the Association of German Transport Companies (VDV) from the project. Robo cars could help mainly in the OPNV to reduce traffic and exhaust gases. Hessel, on the other hand, saw her in case of incorrectly set framework conditions as competition for the Offis. Schmitz also threw that a driver in the technical supervision not only one, but several vehicles superfic. For updates, the manufacturer must be in duty, not the holder or the operator.

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