Colombia: "Plan Patriota" and negotiations with the FARC
Colombia’s prasident suggests the country’s largest guerea organization to negotiate the exchange of prisoners via the Internet. Meanwhile, the government continues its military offensive. The number of escape rises is rising again dramatically.
"We are in the 21. Century and have the Internet, one should use the resources that the technology offers", The Colombian Luis Carlos Restrepo explained at the end of August. But that is not stateful for the technological development of the Sud American country. He is the highest presence of the government for the achievement of peace, in which for decades of a burger war torn land. With the Internet, the government now wants to use the Guerilla of the Revolutionary Displeased Colombia (FARC) "Humanitar deal" achieve to exchange mutually prisoners.
The FARC has access to the Internet, so we can manufacture the necessary connection on this way. If you use the Internet Adaquat, you can very quickly come in the questions that affect the humanitarian exchange.
But this can only happen under the criteria created by the government, he fought. The background of the proposal is the unprecedented question of several years "Prisoner", how they call the FARC, or "Uncovered", How the government is called you. After the ultra-right Prasident Colombia, Alvaro Uribe Velez, persistently refused to make a prisoner exchange in the two years of his reign, he waved surprisingly in August. Corresponding contacts also gave it with the second-gray guerrilla, the national liberation army (Eln).
2000 people in the violence of the FARC
There is no accurate numbers, but it is treasured that alone the FARC, as a large guerilla organization of the country, has just under 2000 people in their violence. Among them are politicians, such as the Prasidential Candidate Ingrid Betancourt (cf. Fear here to politics), several militar and police officers. Since February 2003, she also has three US burger (cf. "A pile of law and godless Rambos"), Employee of the monastery security companies in the USA, Northrop Grumman, in their violence. Part of the persons shut up almost for seven years in jungle lining.
In a communique, FARC funded the willingness of the government to a prisoner exchange for years in a communique. But it criticizes, the government defects it "Realism and seriosity". In contrast to that you have named underhandlers and defines a highly doped group for exchange. In addition to Betancourt, there is an ex-governor, an ex-minister, funf ex-congressman, the three Americans as well as militar and policemen on a list of 72 names.
That the government offered for 50 political prisoners in the exchange, the FARC can not be accepted. Nohin is only persons who are simply "rebellion" imprisoned, a purely political category. Convolutions in the promotions of the Guerrilla are not accused.
The FARC stops about 3000 prisoners for interchangeable, including some of your students. The condition of the government that the exchanged rebels also leave Colombia or re-integrate themselves into society "absurd". One attempts, "to force the guerrillas to prevent the principles of a revolutionary transformation of the country’s social and political reality of the country." On the criticism of the FARC, aware of your underhandlers no security guarantees, concluded the government’s proposal to negotiate via the Internet.
But an internet contact rejects the armed organization from comprehensible reasons, even though you otherwise use the network for distributing your messages and contacting journalists. Why Uribe has just floated an internet deal is just as comprehensible. For him is currently almost impossible to negotiate directly with the FARC, as it demands it from him. Thus he became the failure of his policies, which has been setting for a breaking of the left rebels for more than two years. In addition, he was in conflict with his protective power USA. That rejects any dialogue with the rebels anyway. His process Andres Pastrana had attacked Uribe fiercely for his peace negotiations.
But FARC is made of two essential grounds against the Internet dialogue: First, she wants to increase its political weight through direct talks. Second, it can not be used behind the fascist paramilitarian groups (cf. Colombian paramilitars want to negotiate impunity). Finally, Uribe had snapped the right-wing extremists AUC Death Spawns the status of political actors (cf. War and crisis). He also released an approximately 380 square kilometer coarse zone in the northern Kolumbian department of Cordoba, where since July, direct talks about their demobilization take place.
Whether the initiative of Uribe is serious, or only the domestic prere is due, is still unclear. Both the Catholic Church, entrepreneurs and relief organizations urged Uribe to a dialogue about a humanitarian exchange. But the manover could turn out as a campaign trust, as many political observers in Colombia suspect. Because Uribe strives for his re-election in 2006. But at the referendum last October, the long-term elongation fell through. The majority of the parliamentarians has not yet been able to convince the prasident of his project. In the congress, even a contrary development.
The FARC has little reason to meet the hardliner. Because anyway, Uribe continues to focus on his war course. 15.000 soldiers, with support of the United States, are currently in the big military offensive under the name "Plan Patriota" against the FARC in the south of the country. So, so the guerrilla, he also sets the life of many prisoners on game.
The offensive has now wanted to swell the number of displaced persons in the country again. In the first half of 2004, 132 are again.000 people fled, even if the government is only from 70.000 speak. This is nine percent more than in the same period of the previous year, Jorge Rojas explained, director of the human rights organization Codhes, last Thursday.
The organization warns against a humanitarian disaster comparable to the Sudan. the "forced expulsion" Be a symptom of failure of government security policy", explained Rojas. Overall, 3.2 million people have been lit in the last 20 years, with the number in 2003 halved. But because of the offensive against the FARC, the "Tendency in four areas of the country turned up". Here it is also an increasing number of paramilitarian units to observe, which allegedly comply with a ceasefire.