Are privatization waves and the politics of the coarse group responsible?
Trends, interests and perspectives: provided the UN Human Development Report ahead of a week in prospects that the "Global Suden" Upded and sketched with rough strokes the future view of a new global middle class, which arises in the threshold and developing courses in Asia and Latin America, the view of the present relevance of individual outreach states, which are caught as engines of this development, all and even not so rosy. For example India.
the "consumable middle class" The subcontinent has been typical of economic advisors from the floors for several years, whose view is always focused on new market. As a kind of final figure, the 300 million of the Indian middle class are often circulating, which are particularly interesting for Western producers. So it is called in an Ivy League business consultant article on the new Indian middle class:
With a year salar from 3000 euros, about 300 million people in India have the opportunity to appear as a buyer for durable consumers and motor vehicles.
Millions of people will be withdrawn the country and give them to private companies
The 300 million is the Indian author Arundhati Roy in one of their shared inventory recordings of the country (Capitalism: a Ghost Story, published in German last year in the pastors for German and international politics) 800 million opposite, "which were driven into the poverty and expropriated", For the new one, "from the IMF ‘reforms’ emerged middle class" the 300 million that make up the marketplace.
Roy goes to her cause with Groberverve, but has sobbing the privatization waves and the policy of coarse companies in India as enemies of the 800 million poor and leave nothing good – probably that with one or the other excess. Roy also draws with sense for the coarse lines and overheads:
In India, millions of people are deprived of the country and surrender to private companies – in the "public interest": For special economic zones, infrastructure projects, damme, remote straws, auto or chemical plants and formula 1 racetracks.
With the following sentence – "That private property is sacred is never valid for the poor" – However, if you hit the black and the concrete examples that you are responsible for in your article, prove this review and pushing. They describe an expulsion of the poor rural dwellers operated by state support from areas with important resources, or. as planned locations for rough construction projects. From their villages, they marketed slum and barack settlements of small towns and megacities.
A new slum report of the government
The Committee of Slum Statistics / Census has now submitted on behalf of the government in a report (PDF) current numbers on slum dwellers in Indian city. According to the figures of the 2011 census, which form the basis of the report, a total of about 68 million Indians live in Slums. The state government man who "Registrar General of India, Union Housing and Urban Poverty Allviation Minister" Ajay Maken, looks like a good trend. If there were 23.5 percent of urban households in 2001, which lived in a slum, it is now more 17.4 percent", How he announced the newspaper Outlook India.
If you look at the report, a gross part of the question of calculation bases is dedicated, the hatches with the payment and the definition of what a slum is. Latest definition basics, after a collapse of 20 households, which live in dwellings with hygienically unacceptable water, archaic wastewater system, often without a toilet, in the smallest space, the numbers were significantly enlarged, say experts say.
According to the figures published in the report, Mumbai’s most slum dwellers are 20, 5 million. That corresponds to 41 percent of all residents. Visakhapatnam has the highest proportion of slum dwellers with 43 percent. There are 15 percent in New Dehli, in Calcutta 30 percent; In Bangalore, which is considered a high-tech center, it is only 9 percent. Ten citys whose inhabitants at about 5.000 are scattered, which are mainly distributed to the Bundestaed Jammu and Cashmere, Uttar Pradesch, West Bengalen and Sikkim, consist of lively slums.
Neither governments nor private companies are committed to social housing
Noteworthy are two observations that emerge from the report. On the one hand, that it apparently there is no significant intiatives to date to demand something like a social housing. On the other hand, that the hope for private initiatives seems awarded. The Guardian cites the representative of a burger right group, which commits better life and living conditions in Mumbai:
Unlike in the past, governments in the states are no longer involved in caring for housing that arms can afford. After 1991, with economic liberalization, this task was released to private. But the business, living space for poor, promises no profits, so it is seen in the private sector as no promising investment.
Cheap, flexible workforce
The second observation is added to the picture that fits this exercise: there are emigration movements in the slums, they follow the industry or. the occupational opportunities, so the number of slum dwellers Mumbai has broken something since industry has migrated. For this, smaller city workers in the "informal sector" at.
From this perspective, it is interesting to see how the technical equipment of households in the slum looks like a report: 63.5 percent have a mobile phone, 72.7 percent landline; 70 percent a TV and 10 percent a computer or a laptop – all addicts or. Equipping for a low-wage workforce, which one can set informally quickly – and also ie again. The TV channels are closely linked to coarse industrial companies, so Roy.
"Gush up" Name the coarse money fountain, which bubbles for the richest in the country like never before. Their gospel is: "The more you have, the more you can get."