Geopolitical interests behind the conflict between russia and turkey

Geopolitical interests behind the conflict between Russia and Turkey

Red: Assad government, Grun: "opposition", Yellow: Kurds, black: is. Image: CC-BY-SA-4.0

The launch of the Russian SU-24 was carried out in the border area to the province of Hataai, which complains to Syria for

In the conflict between Russia and Turkey, it is not just about the support of various armed groups, but also geopolitical interests. The launch of the Russian fighter aircraft was carried out on a territory that has a high strategic importance for the managed or islamist groups supported by the West, Turkey and the Gulf States – and thus also for the Syrian government supported by Russia.

Turkey, as well as Russia, hardly evaporates the Islamic state, but the PKK and also refers to the Syrian Kurds of the YPG as a terrorist. Supported and supplied with weapons, which are partly from the CIA, armed groups that fight against the Syrian army, including Turkmen, which from the Turkish government as "Brothers" and "relative" to be considered and the Hatai’s Turkish province, from where you can be supplied from Turkey. Otherwise, there is only a corridor at the Turkish-Syrian border between the Kurds controlled Afrin and the Islamic State-controlled territories of the province of Aleppo. For Turkey, it is important to have bonded Syrian groups to sit at the table with a solution of the Syria conflict. And in order to gain control of this area, the Turkish government demands the establishment of an aircraft zone. While the border is controlled by the Kurkian areas of Turkey, it is open to the territories controlled by the IS and the co-armed groups.

Russia, which sympathizes tactically with the Kurds, support the Syrian army as well as the Hisbollah militias in the offensive, the border area Southlich of the Hatai province under control. Thus, the supply of the armed groups took over the Turkish border, which, like Ahrar Al-Sham, Al-Nusra or so-called managed groups in the district of the Free Syrian Army, as the Turkmen Al-Liwaa Al-Ascher Fi Al-Sahel, was the over the Turkish border Syrian army fighting, prevented.

Therefore, Russian aircraft apparently also attacked Turkmen Dorfer in the Mounted Bayirbucak area on the Syrian-Turkic border, which the Turkish government mainly struck, because there is a risk that the direct composites in Syria could be returned. To the Turkish geostrategic and political interests, however, was also a nationalist-Sunni mood of the Erdogan long-placed nationalist-Sunni mood in the country, through which the prere on the Turkish government grew to help the Syrian Turkmen. It can be amed that the launch of the Russian machine was actually located in the Calfs to put Russia a warning shot to clear the interests and demonstrate their own population that one "Brothers" protect. Relatively sure the Turkish government could be that Turkey’s assistance as a NATO state support and in turn is not attacked by Russia, during the EU, the trump card of the escape of the Escape, so also highly worried calls to de-escalation could be expected, but also No criticism of risky approach. Should the Erdogan government be amed by this strategic location, she had certainly.

But in the background of the friction companies between Turkey and Syria is still another geopolitical ie. For a long time, Syria and Turkey are in the dispute over the small but densely populated Turkish province of Hatai, which protrudes deep in the northwest of Syria and forms the sadthest part of Turkey. Capital is Antakya, the Fruhere Antioch. According to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of modern Turkey, France received according to the previous Sykes-Picot agreement, with which the British and French territories have been divided into 1916, the Volkerbundmandat for Lebanon, Syria and Hataai (Alexandretta), during Great Britain of Iraq, Jordan and Palastina was to be spoken. Last year, the Islamic state in the areas controlled by him had celebrated the annulment of the border between Syria and Iraq and thus the end of the limits of the Sykes-Picot Agreement.

Geopolitical interests behind the conflict between Russia and Turkey

Turkmen Campfer of Al-Liwaa Al-Ascher Fi Al-Sahel

The rule of the French lasted until 1946, when Syria became independent. Hatai, where many Turkmen lived, but not the majority, had been managed as a self-contained area that the Turkey got involved, although the Turkey in the Turk of Lausanne had recognized in 1923 with their signature that Hataai Syrian area is. In 1937, it was briefly an autonomous area, which was politically further managed by France, but military was already involved in addition to France also the Turkey. In 1938 it became a republic with a Turkish government. In a drawer, France concluded after a controversial referendum 1939 Hatai of Turkey, hoping that the country will not follow Hitler. After annexation, many Armenians, Alawites, Arab Sunni and Christians fall in love with the province. Now Turken, Arabs and Christians live here, but also turkemen.

Syria had always contradicted the annexation that contested the referendum and claimed Hataai for maps, the area was also presented as Syrian territory. Since the Turkish government calls for the fall or jerk of Assad, the Syrian government has increased the demands again, including the support of Russia. It is possible in addition to the military goals in the interest of the Syrian government, the Turkmen from the region to distribute Hatai. However, however, this has provoked the Russian fighter aircraft, if it was indeed penetrated here for a few seconds in the Turkish airspace, as Turkey claims.

Such a behavior also knows the turkey good. For some time, according to the Greek Ministry of Defense, Turkische fighter aircraft and militar helicopters are involved once in the Greek airspace. While the Turkey is expanding its Luftwaffe, the Schleiteland Greece is currently being hindered despite its relevant coarse force. Both Landers argue about territorial eligibility in the agais. Greece claims a territory in the airspace within 10 miles around its islands, the Turkey recognizes only 6 miles. Uphalt were actually 12 miles after international law, but already with 10 miles Greek territory was ranging to the Turkish Kuste. Throttish is also about some small islands. When the Turkish militar aircraft are approaching the Greek islands, the Turkish Government considered the airspace as an international, for Greece this is a violation of the Greek airspace.

The Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias is said to have expressed his condolences for the launch of the aircraft to his Russian colleague Lawrow. According to the Russian Dome Ministry he said, Greece was "Solidarily with the coming of the Russian Prasident, who had contrary to the actions Ankaras considered not friendly and the goals of anti-IS coalition". It is just pointed to that the Turkey repeatedly violates the Greek airspace.

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