Africa in the catch of the dragon?

China’s increasing commitment in the Black Continent ensures industrialized countries for discussions

The result was almost euphoric by all stakeholders: On the youngest Chinese-African summit, a massive expansion of economic cooperation was decided at the beginning of this month. Beijing (Beijing) continues the trend of recent years: Between 1995 and 2005, the trading volume with the African states has increased 40 billion US dollars to acquisition. At the summit, China’s Minister Prosident Wen Jiabao now led to the common goal of increasing bilateral trading volume by 2010 to up to $ 100 billion to US dollars. In Europe and the United States, the adoption is suspected arsibly.

With ten of the 48 hostlanders were closed in Beijing 16 to 1.9 billion US dollars. The new cooperation concerns raw material exports, infrastructure measures, finance, technical cooperation and communications, said Chairman of the Chinese Council on the demand of international trade, Wan Jifei, the French news agency AFP.

In addition to the economic cooperation agreements, a political degree of action was adopted in Beijing, in which the African states and China formulated common demands on industrialized countries. Together "Making" to comply with the West, his promises to open their own market and to reduce debt load. Also in the fight against poverty and the consequences of natural disasters, the rich industrialized countries had to be ready to increase grants and technical assistance.

The meanwhile obvious political understanding of both sides in international political ies is a success of the Chinese Africa policy of the past and a half decades – and a result of strategic considerations. Since the first half of the nineties, Chinese government has a consistent "niche policy". China penetrates as a late, but massively emerging industrialized industry in those regions that are avoided in the West as social and political problem areas; In addition to Africa are also parts of Latin America.

But the time of peaceful side by side seems over. In the West, the expansion of China is increasingly being considered as a danger.

Alternatives to neoliberal dominance

Because China ensures the strategically important resources in the marginalized regions in the long term for their own market – that mainly affects Errol – you can only oppose industry nations of this project. The reason for this is the compelling bond of bilateral agreements in Europe and the USA to neoliberal rules and political demands. Neither Washington nor the EU countries concludes an economic agreement without at the same time on political reforms to exist. China counteracts this forced loss with a completely different concept. In 1996, the then Chinese Prasident Jiang Zemin already formulated the basics of this cooperation. They follow the principles of "reciprocity and non-discrimination".

And during the industrialized countries to a one-sided opening of the African market, which – as in parallel also the Latin American experience proves – has a unrestricted sell-off of raw materials in the African partners, China contrary to the Neoliberal Washington Consensus the Beijing Consensus.

Its core idea is the two-sided benefit. In the context of economic cooperation with China, the industry and infrastructure is therefore built in Africa. Even before the Chinese-African Forum At the beginning of November, this policy has been awarded a billion application for the construction of a railway in Nigeria to the Chinese company CCECC. For converted 8.3 billion US dollars, the Chinese build a 1300-kilometer route of Lagos in the Suden to Kano in the north of the African state. At the summit itself, the large treaty with Egypt was closed on the production of aluminum.

China’s "fetish of state sovereignty"

"China’s Africa policy counteracts Western democratization efforts," said Denis M judicated. Tull from the German government-related foundation science and politics (SWP) at the end of last year. The correspondingly titled attachment Tulls, published in the magazine of the Protestant Development Service, is a rarely clear document for the political conflict, which hides behind the economic competition for the African market. China Prasence in Africa, he wrote – as if this is not the case with Western states – be "expression of a tangible interest policy". The broad acceptance that opposes China in Africa obviously clarifies by holding on the "fetish of the state sovereignty". As a result, "African sole rulers opened new room for maneuver", Tull writes to pronounce a position that offers many Western politicians (yet) to address openly:

The jewelding talk of the ‘sud-sud-solidaritat’, which must serve as the ideological guise of this shoulder connection between autocrats to legitimize human rights violations as in Zimbabwe or Sudan, sounds hollow. But it is advantageous to counteract both the western criticism and the domestic opposition.

Denis M. Tull, "Foundation Science and Politics"

SWP employee Tull demonstrates the verdict as the West, respectively the industrialized countries, with the shipbuilding human rights policy of recent years in the defensive. For China has more to offer: According to the African Development Bank from 2001, the kingdom of the middle after evaluation of 543 state rough application in Africa before international competitors was clearly in place. Professor Xuewu Gu from the Ruhr-University Bochum has collected further data.

More than 600 companies are therefore working in 49 African states. They had already invested 1.3 billion US dollars until last year. According to Chinese sources, all 53 African states receive Lander development aid from Beijing, in 48 states, more than 700 economic projects are performed, "many of them in agriculture, fishing, construction of the infrastructure, the training of professionals, in communication and television broadcasters" , SO XUEWU.

Political unity against the USA

However, China has already laid value on the development policy and humanitarian character before the geopolitical reorganization after 1990. Since the first half of the sixties, it has been maintaining medical utilities in Africa. Since then, almost 200 are.000 Chinese doctors and nursing personnel gone to Africa. At present, there were also 40 medical teams with around 1000 people – often in laying areas.

The Chinese Africa policy is flanked by an anti-imperial rhetoric. In the spring of 2003, for example, when in Washington a series of countries of the "axis of the boses" mapped to isolate them politically and economically, the then Chinese Prasident Jiang Zeming visited demonstrative Libya, Nigeria, Tunisia and Iran. At his visit to Tripoli, he also visited the place where in 1986 with around 3000 other people, the daughter of head of state Muammar Gaddafi was killed in a US attack on the capital and the city of Bengasi. He explained:

America can destroy your houseer, but there will be no success in destroying Libyan values and principles.

Jiang Zemin

The policy of political shoulder resort against the US and their Allies also proves to be successful in direct comparison. For example, in recent years, Japan was the biggest donor country in Africa Sahara. The record help did not lead to the political or economic position Tokyos on the black continent to strong. China in return in the African states has reliable partners when it comes to their own political goals such as the political isolation of the abnormal Taiwan. Only funf states of Africa recognize this state on which China claims.

China sets political accents in Africa

At an event of the Grunen-near Heinrich-Boll Foundation in Berlin, Professor Xuewu dismissed in front of the Chinese-African summit on the role-made role in the West. While the massive Chinese commitment to the West is criticized as neocolonialism, it ignored that Beijing formerly marginalized regions opened the gateway to the world market, said the East Asia expert. As an example, he managed Sudan. While the West has released this country in the past to his fate, China has been connected to the Urole market. Today, Sudan even exports oil and understood – with all existing problems – with its resources the state.

Katrin Altmeyer, who lives the branch in Beijing for the Boll Foundation, went to the role of China in the international dispute over the Sudanese domestic policy. In the debate about a military solution of the social and armed conflict in the Sudanese crisis province Darfur, China has deliberately pronounced against a premature international occupation of this region under the guidance of UN troops to give preference instead of using soldiers of the African Union. From a "cover of human rights-despising regimes", as the Green MPs Ute Koczy complained against Telepolis, therefore no speech can be.

Rather, what in the discussion in Berlin the journalist Adama Gaye explained: China tightly determined at the principle of state sovereignty, as it was defined in 1648 in Westfalish peace. In times, which has high economic interventionism in the West as a maaking to enforce economic interests, such a position ensures displeasure. Especially since the struggle for the African Errol market has just begun.

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