Open Access improves the exchange between science, business and society
In addition to the acceleration of scientific communication by ubiquitar remuneration-free availability of scientific texts was one of the promises of the Open Access a kind of democratization: the more texts have been remunely available, the lower the information advantage of the scientists was financially privileged locations.
More: One promised by Open Access a demand of social participation in science, quite in the sense of the Citizen Science, since every layman should now use scientific information – if he interpret them in the location of goods. And also economically Open Access opposes Closed Access, in which usage charges for the reception of scientific literature are incurred to have advantages: a study by Houghton, Dugall, Bernius, crown According to the year 2012, Open Access of the German Economic Economic Economic Economic Economics was able to bring forward between 13 and 383 million euros to savings, depending on the expansion of the open access dissemination and pursued strategy. These effects are mainly due to the easier exploitation of scientific findings that open access appear in private sector and public administration.
A short-formed study by Teeplitskiy, LU Duede also comes to the conclusion that Open Access is for scientific works a more efficient dissemination strategy as a closed access, because he not only scientists, but a wide public achievement. The authors examined how often articles of individual scientific journals are referenced in Wikipedia. It turned out that open access journals are cited with a probability of 47% rather than Closed Access Journal in Wikipedia.
The authors determined these values under the control of the scientific discipline associated with a journal, and the Scimago Journal Rank SJR, a metric, which, comparable to the Journal Impact Factor, is based on citation rates and to evaporate to evaluate scientific magazines. Through this methodology, it is largely excluded that alone the free availability of the information causes the citation advantage, but that rather, in comparable SJR value, an open access journal is referenced as a closed-access journal.
Numerous research suppliers, including the EU in their colleges, precisely the need for efficient exchange of information into the non-scientific public, the EU is referring to its Call-up Program Horizon 2020: "The Goal is to Ensure Europe Prodices World-Class Science, Removes Barriers To Innovation and Makes It Easier for The Public and Private Sectors to Work Together in Delivering Innovation." Consequently, Demand Recommended in the Program Horzion 2020 Project-related Publications Open Access make.
Research results like the Teeplitskiy, LU Duede provide good arguments to further promote Open Access as a publication model, which means that the growth of opportunities for years at Open Access in the total volume of scientific literature will hardly be a snapshot in the medium term.