A producer writes film history
The Berlin Film Producer Artur "Atze" Brown is on 1. August 90 years old. In the German Blatter Forest, from Focus and the world to SZ and the taz, he was considered with very friendly birthday items. The German movie, so the unanimous opinion, has a lot to owe him. You can see it differently.
Who is Atze Brauner? This is probably wondering if a name like Sonja Ziemann or Rudolf Prack are no longer a term if one neither for A gynecologist complains still for Freddy and the song of Prarie can be inspired and too young to have noticed how the man with the Menjou Bartchen 20 years ago loudly lautically passed that one, in his view, the surely believed Oscar for Hitlerjunge Salomon stolen. If you are still interested in this Lord today? Definitely. Because on the basis of the career Artur Brauner you will learn not only much about the German film and the German film journalism, but also about the ratio between German and Jews. However, it is not a hero story.
Back and forth in foreign countries: between concealment and remember
So who is Atze Brauner? The German Feuilleton woman’s answer. To read is in about this: Brauner founded his own company in 1946. Thus he is the service center German film producer, and at the same time the only from the post-war period, which is still active. On his account more than 250 films go. He has made a lot of entertainment from the pole, and with the profits he realized ambitious works that did not count on the moviover. Brauner did not invent Edgar Wallace and Karl-May films, but somehow then. He was always the uncomfortable Mahner, who was confronted against forgetting, confronted an unwilling audience with the fate of the Holocaust victims, while putting it on the game. With this resumee of his life’s work, the "Last of the German Tycoons" be satisfied. But that also applies to the newspaper reader? Not necessarily. For in a mild light of the memory, suddenly, rays, which would not look like so glossy. From a skilled strategy for self-marketing becomes such a stucco history.
It started with a legend. "Who is who in the film industry?" asked the magazine Filmblate in September 1950 and knew about "Arthur brown" (with "H") Report that this one on the 1. August 1918 Born businessman’s son from Romania was. He has one "colorful childhood" behind him, with a lot "Back and forth in foreign countries", And he was with an Iran expedition "fateful with the movie" come up with. "Rough ideal and fanatic creative power woke the movie in me", says the portrayed, "- But then the war came and many years passed useless." Presumably, the author browner has laid this sentence in his mouth, but without his approval of goods the articles have barely appeared. the Filmblate were neither the specialist for accurate research nor a hoard of journalistic independence.
The date of birth is right, and mayors browners really worked on two culture films. But the son of a Judian family came from the Polish Lodz. His father was wooden handler. The son bothered originally Abraham; Since the school time he called himself "Artur". In his autobiography, I only exist once (1976), he writes that 49 family gatehorse were murdered by the Nazis and their helpers. Artur survived the Holocaust because he fled before removal in the Warsaw Ghetto and hid with his parents and siblings in the woods on the border with Russia. His mistrust against the Germans he has never filed, and who wanted to blame him?
The tatters took it the victims Ubel that they are due to their bloobe existence of the crimes in "Third Reich" recall. In 1950, Brauner held it well for wise to conceal his Judian origin, and ask for his journey in the Iran and the Middle East (young Zionists explored the possibilities for a Judian state) he still blocks (see the birthday interview with TAZ). After the establishment of the state of Israel, for which he has been using for decades, he bought a lot of land. His entry into the real estate business should also be seen in connection with the prosecution. Browner searched for a safe place for himself and his family. For all cases.
"A dying community": Brown and the Germans
1963 one appeared mirrors-Report about the few Judian people ("A dying community") In the Office and in Economic Life of the FRG played a highlighted role: Brauner was one of these personalities (next to Ernst Bloch, Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno, some bankers, the actor Ernst German). In the Economic Wonderland he was a sloping sign. And yet a conflicting impression remains. In your very readable book Artur browner and the CCC (1990) Plaudia Dillmann writes:
"The anecdotes whose object artur browner has been aimed at his extreme economy, his cleverness, his maneuverability, purposefulness or hard – all virtues on the value scale of the elbow society of the firty years. Ten years earlier, the official like the social language use had called the same properties of a Judian businessman’s stingy, symbol, greed and animal. Uncoatized in the firty years no one more so, but the ripple may be demonstrated in the jokes over browners as in the eiders on him, the ‘outdoor manager’ and ‘Gluckritter’, who had managed it."
By loving the Federal Republican society with brown photographs and praised him, she knocked himself on his shoulder. His rise served as evidence of the new tolerance in the country, where you like him, the "Ostjuden", ten years ago, had been robbed and sent to the gas chamber. This can not be easy for Brauner. Occasionally, and preferably in foreign newspapers, he gave interviews in which he had little good about his friends from the high society and the audience of his films: "Self-criticism is not asked, not political, not social and not personal. People here do not want to see the truth, or she has to be rosy. Problems only come when they are lying and meaning."
From the black market into the film business
First strolled, browner had come to Berlin with a suitcase full of valuables (allegedly he had found a regimental box as in a novel of Karl May). The version he has sponded himself will preferably pay attention to today. According to her, his mother-in-law of friends in the US had sent a mink coat that he was used for 200.000 Reichsmark sold. As the mirrors Browner 1957 dedicated a title story ("The sole entertainer"), but the magazine offered another explanation for the origin of the money. The sister of Brauner’s wife was married to Joseph Einstein, the black market concentration of Berlin. Einstein earned a wedding with coarse amounts of coffee, chocolate and fat from Switzerland, which were officially addressed to a church community.
At 16. September 1946 founded Artur Brauner and Joseph Einstein the "Central Cinema Comp.-Film company with restricted liability", short CCC. The CCC had money, but no license, and without a license of the Allies you could not turn a movie. French, British and especially Americans used such licensing procedures to secure their own producer sales markets. Brauner has lamented these disabilities bitter, but also benefits from them. The American film policy in the occupied Germany was strongly represented by lobbyists. Hollywood was interested in a fragmentation of the new German film industry in order not to have an impact-elegant competition not at all (the consequences are still trailable). For a film company like the CCC meant the small-scale equity of the market that she could prevail. When there was still a concentration wave in the 1950s, she was established enough to overviate this residence.
Brown wanted from the beginning Morituri Turning, a more or less autobiographical movie over concentration camp surgery. But because he only received his own license in 1949, he was dependent on licensed partners. So he invested his money in a production of Studio 45, the fun game say the truth (One man wants to say only the truth for 24 hours and is admitted to an insane institution). The movie got Bose cracked and became a cash success. Browner learned to orient themselves at the taste of the public (or on what is spent on this), not at the film reviews.