Study: From 2004 to 2014, the earning poverty in Germany has doubled. The increase fell in this country Gross than in other EU countries
If the income from working activities is not enough to have its own life, or in many cases of the family, which can be entertained secured, so you have in the USA for the vivid concept of "Working Poor" found. Here one speaks a little dry and official of "Arbitrariness". The keyword sparks into the election campaign.
The Union has the promise "Full employment" as a draft horse of her campaign elected in competition "social justice", which the SPD placates as a target. In this competition, a study published today, whose press release "Arm despite work" written. The study comes from the Economic and Social Science Institute (WSI) of the Hans-Bockler Foundation, which was founded by the DGB.
The 20-page study shows as a considerable phenomenon that the acquisition rearrangement rate in no other of the 17 EU countries, which were used for comparison, is grown as strong as in Germany. However, the period is disclosed to the years from 2004 to 2014. More recent numbers did not give the data material used.
In Germany, the acquisition arm rate between 2004 and 2014 has doubled, the study ies as a result. It can therefore be observed that the number of employees still increasingly increases, but at the same time, the proportion of employees, which under the threshold of the "Poverty" fall. At least until 2014, the study returns pay as evidence.
Assignment wonders seen from the edge
To the background: as "earlier" Applies in the EU, who is more than six months more than six months and lives in a household, with less than as "60 percent of the mean demand-weighted income" the population has to do. For a one-person budget, the threshold from the study is currently 11.800 euros net quoted in the year, which corresponds monthly 983 euros. With a four-person household with two children under the age of 14, the poverty threshold is 24.800 euros a year or. 2.067 euros monthly.
For early years, the in each case were applied to the total thresholds that are different from today’s. In absolute terms, the following development shows: In 2004, nearly 1.9 million acquisitions were under the threshold of poverty dazza in Germany; In 2014 it was 4.1 million.
In percentages: The proportion of 18 to 64-year-old working, whose income was under the risk of poverty threshold, was still estimated in 2004 with 4.8 percent. Ten years later he is given by the study at 9.6 percent. At the same time, the study determines, the employment rate in comparison with other European countries has risen the most strongest. From this, the student authority concludes:
In fact, the best remedy against poverty, then the proportion of employees affected by acquisition poverty at least could not increase if there is a significant increase in procurement.
Study activation policy and earning poverty
For himself, the proportion of 9.6 percent earned arms in 2014 corresponded exactly to the EU-Lander average. At that time, the highest share had 18.6 percent, followed by Greece with 13.4 percent and Spain with 13.2 percent. The slightest shares had Finland and the Czech Republic, which were just under 4 percent or 4 percent.
Accept everyone offered?
The increase in the share of Germany in Germany is the years from 2004 to 2014, which no other EU country was recorded during this period. Obviously, the connection with the reforms of unemployment and social security. The mirror also contributes to another key figure, after which the poverty risk of unemployed according to the statistical federal office in 2014 was 69.1 percent, while in 2004 was still 43 percent stated.
The reason for the increase in earnings arms with simultaneous increase in the procurement are known. The study of the Trade Union Foundation calls the expansion of the low-wage sector through the deregulations of the labor market and the increase in atypical procurement.
It is noteworthy that a requirement that is in the center of the research interest of the study has not yet proven to be constructive factor, namely the prere on unemployed, offered bodies.
This requirement is also part of the labor market reform in neighboring France. Is it according to the findings of the present study, which deals with effects of "Activation policy" (To demand and demand), this prere increases the risk that staff has advised in poverty risk of employment. As a successful study, according to study "Further education" turnout.
In contrast to low payroll and social benefits as well as strict conditions for the purchase of transfer services, which drove to high acquisition poverty, high expenditure for active labor market measures, such as education and training, have a positive effect.