Fun for the environment?

Trend sports cause around a quarter of total leisure traffic and burden the environment

Snowboarding, Paragliden and Canyoning – The trend sports are still there where they go to the name. Year for year, the Fitnessgesellschaft invents new leisure activities that are still a bit more extreme and risky than their transactions. But the game with the border experiences does not remain without consequences. Catastrophic unfalls like the death of 18 people, who moved in 1999 in the canyoning in the near the Brienz Sees, are no longer a single trap. And the environment also has more and more suffering among private adventurers. According to a study by the Swiss Institute for Tourist Management (ITW), the sport in Switzerland alone causes around a quarter of the entire leisure traffic.

Three years studied Dr. Jurg Stettler on behalf of the ITW both the scope and the composition of sports transport in Switzerland for over sixty sports. In order to get to possible representative results, he concentrated in his surveys not only on the active but to the entire personnel environment, to which, for example, coaches, accompanying persons or spectators pay. Stettler’s results surprised in clarity and high self-connoisseurs of the scene.

"The athletes take on average on average for the exercise of their sport on average, respectively. 31 km per export for the back and backward travel. 78% of the total sports traffic will be refunded by car." This leads to the already mentioned share of 25% in total Swiss leisure traffic.

According to Stettler, the sports removed in the open nature in this context is particularly important. They draw a traffic deposit, which is far above the determined average. Because many venues are located in the Alps or for alps and thus considerable removal of the succinct residential areas, the journey paths of the ten most popular trend and nature sports are nearly 30 km. They already cause around 45% of the total sports traffic, and an end to this development is not in sight: "One takes into account the somewhat strong growth rates of these sports, one can ame that their proportion will increase even further in the future."

For stettler, however, the problem does not affect traffic policy aspects alone, because the run on the trend sports brings other ocological burdens such as air pollution and waste loads. In his opinion, the trend and nature sports are therefore "in terms of environmental pollution as a whole as problematic".

Controlling the activity distribution pattern of sports tourists

This is self-consuming not only for Switzerland. The German sports college in Koln also focuses on the institute for nature sports and okology for quite some time "Conflict area between nature conservation goals and conservation of sensitive natural space on the one hand and sustainable sports tourist use on the other hand". The researchers managed here u.a. With the development of future-proof concepts for the Sudschwarzwald Nature Park, the immediate collection and recreational area for after all, 11 million people from metropolitan areas such as Basel, Karlsruhe or Stuttgart.

Under the direction of prof. Ralf Roth developed the Kolner various conflict resolution strategies and alternatives, which could also have model character for other regions. At the center of their considerations is the so-called "Activity room potential", which should give information about whether a landscape is generally suitable for sports tourism purposes. From the ratio of this "Activity room potential" To the respective ocological requirements, steering measures are developed that the "Activity distribution pattern of sports tourists to influence that they concentrate in space to remove sensitive areas from use at the same time. This is called, in a sensitive summit area, as can be found, for example, in the field mountain area, individual ecologically stable areas are released for intensive use, while other zones for the tourist use are taboo."

In order to enforce this gentle tourism and to make attractive, Roth’s team does not put on prohibition signs and punishments. Instead, the assets themselves should be motivated to contribute through prudent approach to maintaining their natural sports attractions. So are in demand "Landscaping plants.B. structural function separations or environmental contract studies as well as positive steering through appeal and convention strategies such as Z.B. Attractive way or route networks. Only in the exceptional case forced maps such as blockages or development prohibitions should come to."

Instead of ego-trips participation in refissors in the high forest?

Is that enough alone to effectively implement the networking of the Agenda 21 networking economic, social and ecological interests? Not careful, says the German Nature Conservation Ring (DNR), which has been critical of the Funsport boom for years. Helmut Roscheisen, General Secretary of the DNR, streamlined that nature "Only as a bean of an eccentric sporty room conquest" and projection surface for "EGO trips" serving. His organization has always called up the sporting goods and leisure industry, "the previous aggressive advertising for more trend sports and lifestyle orientation in recently unusually established areas and to show more responsibility towards man and nature."

The sports organizations should also contribute to a changed consciousness due to extensive awareness campaigns. Finally, many landscape-related trend sports are now degenerated by unscrupulous commercialization to the pure thrill, which will be put into scene with the keyword of total boundlessness. As a result, more and more okologically valuable areas were affected:

"Hothing are above all the last existing natural or natural biotopes with their rare animal and plant species, whose flat content in Germany is scatzed to about 10% of the total area.

In this situation, it may be very helpful if some hip Funsportler was based on the suggest of the Biederen German Alpenverein (DAV). He has spent all simple behavioral rules for his members:

Everywhere where mountaineers are traveling in the Alps and in Germany, they can also help to restore or maintain the ecological balance. For the preservation of the vital alpine protective walder, the DAV for many years has worked together with the state mountain resources in Bavaria. In many areas of the Alps you can be active in miners themselves and help in volunteers in the day-to-day work.

The DAV also offers the possibility to reconcile the possibility of climbing and conservation. In cooperation with the Landesbund for bird protection in Bavaria (LBV), normal recreational athletes can participate in protective actions for hiking folds. And if you then go to FUB from time to time, cycle or use public transport, the next studies are probably more pleasing …

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