Scientist disappear into the USA
From an Exodus European scientist in the US and Canada is in the 3. European report on science and technology the speech.
More than 85.700 researchers from Europe alone in 2000 went to the EU Commission’s figures in the US, the coarse part came from the UK and Germany.
Great Britain has been trying for a long time to stop the emigration of his scientists (cf. Great Britain wants to stop Brain Drain)
Stephen Byers, State Secretary of the Ministry of Economics, wrote a strategy paper for three years ago. In order to keep top scientists in the country or to bring back from abroad, the British Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Wolfson Foundation showed 12 million marks to which the salary of researchers increased up to 300,000 marks annual income or to be set more scientific assistants.
A total of 400.00 scientifically trained Europe has emigrated to the USA in the last ten years. Second most important immigration country for scientists from the EU is Canada, with 12 percent increase from Europe with Ph.D.
Around this Braindrain To meet, the EU Commission proposes to improve the research conditions in the EU. "It does not make sense to set up ten post-graduated jobs if only one of them a computer is available", it is called in the report.
From the aim of increasing research expenditure by 2010 to three percent of the gross national product, most EU countries are far away.
On the other hand, 93.000 scientists from European non-EU countries into the EU (cf. Computer experts: The Brain-Drain Dilemma Hungary). By emigration from Africa alone in 2000 after all came 33.000, from Asia 60.000, and from Sudamerika 41.000. Developmental politicians of all parties have long been criticizing the emigration of scientists from developing courses into the industrial regions of the world, because the lack of scientists or overhead of well-trained staff, such as doctors and teachers themselves in peaceful regions such as Kenya inhibits the further development of the country.
In a discussion of "Initiative of Bern" was this criticism inherent but relativized.
The NZZ wrote:
Also about the problem of loss well-trained humans, the "Braindrain", should not be considered unilaterally, as some emigrants backward with additional qualifications. The Philippines are an example of a state that systematically controls and accompanies the recruitment and procurement of its burgers abroad
The question remains whether the Philippines are not only more of an exception. A recovered empirical study of the Public Policy Institute of California seems a "Brain circulation" To prove (cf. Brain Drain or Brain Circulation?To)
In the study, data on the networking of non-US-born scientists and engineers from the Silicon Valley with their birthplarts were charged for the first time. The results of the study do not point to one "brain drain", but on a complex "Brain circulation" between the Silicon Valley and the birthplans of migrants, Annalee says Saxenian, Head of Examination and Professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
At the center of the study are Indian and Chinese first-generation migrants, which form the large group of highly qualified immigrants in silicone Valley. From the treasured 320.000 high-tech workers who are employed in the San Francisco Bay Area were 18.400 in India and 20.700 born in China (including Hong Kong and Taiwan). The total of 2.300 respondents are all members of one of 17 vocational organizations originally founded in order to take an offensive against career relief for migrants in the high technology industry. Today, they mainly act as career and business networks. So the study does not represent the average, but the most active and most successful part of the Chinese and Indian migrants.