Day of anger, Demonstration, Egypt January, 2011. Photo: Muhammad Ghafari / CC by 2.0
The Studien Arab Youth Survey points to a change of sympathy from the US to Russia. However, this is only part of a coarse loss of confidence
There are studies that are suffering from alone because of their presentation. The Arab Youth Survey. She is carried out Asda’a Burson Marigor, which adapts itself as a large PR business consultancy in the Middle East. The survey in 2017 is the large survey of its kind, will explain, they serve to provide the public and the private sector with data and analysis so that "Decision-making" and "Policy Creation" happen on a informed basis.
The information is saved by graphicers HappchenMabig and smooth. Peaceful young people in Arabic costume serve as an eye-catcher and natural urban, hypermodere skyscrapers and busy multi-lane strain. Data source are 3.500 interviews with adolescents between the ages of 18 and 24 from 15 countries, the Gulf States, the Levante and the Maghreb1. The ten display panels with the "Findings" you can quickly clicked.
But even at this super-air-conditioned study, the region has a giant problem with her youth. And it’s not so much that "problem", which was selected by the Financial Times as a tender title of its report on the study: that name "Arab youth turns to Russia and the influence of the US disappears". This is just one aspect or a consequence of a coarse loss of trust.
81 percent convinced that governments could do more for them
In the placeable survey results of the Arab Youth Survey, the contour looks like this: the number of those who believe their country are on the right track, takes off. In 2017, it was just under half of the half, 52 percent, 2016 still 64 percent. Currently 45 percent of the conviction is that their country is on the wrong way. In 2016, it was 31 percent.
A total of 81 percent (!) Are the conviction that their governments could do more for them. Unfortunately, there is no previous year’s figures for comparison. The rough stands for itself. As well as the answers, which are the biggest obstacles in the Middle East. First, the unemployment is called (35 percent), then the rise of IS (as 35%), then the threat of terrorism with 34 percent. Rising cost of living were called by 27 percent.
Auber in the Gulf States, where 80 percent are satisfied with their training, the majority of young people are convicted that they are being prepared for the future through their education. Both in the states of Levante, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palastina (Syria was not there because of the war), as well as in the North African countries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco gave two-thirds that they have their training bad Prepare the future.
Russia in opinion-up
Anti-American views are in the upswing, proclaims the study and shows this on the basis of a development that has already been mentioned above: Russia has now released the US as a most demanded non-Arab composites. The question is: Who is your catching after the big bonded in your country. Russia scored 21 percent, the US only 17 percent. In the previous year, Russia was 9 percent and the US at 25 percent.
The most popular bonded by all are the United Arab Emirates and then Saudi Arabia. You can tell the restriction of the question and longing for prospects for a secured life in a rich country.
In order to deepen the relief something and make the dimension of the problem of the arab land with the youth more clearly, a few more data and comments from the UN Human Development Report 2016 (collapse), who also worked with the Arab youth, contribute.
Youth: risk of destabilization
Two-thirds of the population in the "Arab region" are under 30 years old. In absolute terms, the over 100 million are. About half of them, so the UN report, are between the ages of 15 and 29 years. The report rugt in sharp words that governments are unaware that they do not make too little for youth. That they risk continuing this ignorance that the youth becomes a coarse factor of destabilization. Youth became increasingly alienating from them.
As a rough problem, the labor market and training are turned out. The employment placement continues to extend largely on nepotism and social links, with the result that a large amount does not have these opportunities.
Youth unemployment in the Arab region is the highest of all world regions, it is called in the report (see chart, s. 23, PDF). 47 percent unemployment in young women are listed (16 percent is the global average of the global average) and 24 percent in the young man people (global average 13 percent). Overall, the 2014 was twice as high as the global average. By 2019, an aggravation of the situation is expected. By 2020, 60 million new jobs were necessary.
The exclusion from political life
To do this, a phenomenon that will be described as typical of the Arab region: the exclusion of the youth of political life. Although the youth is more and more interested in politics, it is progressively how little young people participate in political life. That too does not necessarily speak for the openness of the ages in the parties and committees towards the offspring.
Is interesting to nurse at the end still placial numbers, as reflected in the military crisis situation in the Arab countries. The proportion of the inhabitants of the Arab world at the world’s volunteer is 5 percent, according to UN report. In contrast, in 2014, 45 percent of all terrorist attacks were carried out in these countries.
68.5 percent of all "Battle-Related Deaths" Sights the Arab region. The global average is 27.7 percent. In 2050, so the outlook of the UN report, 3 out of 4 residents of the Arab region in steaming "High conflict risk" Life.
To carry out goods that the table with the title "Religion is an important part of your day-to-day life" (S.33 of the conscious) in all 20 countries values of at least 80 percent (Lebanon, 2013) achieved. However, many are far from. For Yemen in 2014, even 99 percent are reported, for Egypt 98%, as well as Palastina.
In Iraq, 904 gives 904 that religion is an important part of everyday life. Saudi Arabia consistently had 90 percent. Since 2010, however, no investigation has been carried out more since 2010, at least there are no numbers in the UN report.