Exclusion in a California state prison 2006. Image: CDCR.Ca.gov
Scientists have investigated whether the reduction in prison insides quickly in California by almost 20 percent increase the crimetat would love
You can consider it as a rough social experiment, what happened in California with the cogs and their occupants. Within 15 months, more than 27 were available by the end of 2014.000 discharged. Critics had before an increase in the criminalitat given the "flood" warned. Scientists have studied what the result was.
Since the mid-1970s, the number of prison population has continuously increased in the US as well as in California. It was amed that prison sentences already improve security for smaller offenses and provide for deterrence. The US has the biggest prison population in the world, more and more prisoners were built over decades, while the prison sentences lasted and the crimes, for the prison sentences were directed, expanded.
In California, the prison population has risen by almost 600 percent in the last 30 years. In 2006, an emergency has already been proclaimed for overflowment. The defects were so covered that the wastewater could no longer be cleaned and contaminated the basic and drinking water. The prisoners were partly stored in double and triple beds in halls that were not intended for living. The violence increased, the medical care did not work anymore, the material was so bad that the number of suicides and the unnecessary death trap and continued to increase.
In 2009, a court ordered that the state of California governed by Schwarzenegger as Governor, which was located in the middle of the debt crisis and stood in front of the bankruptcy, to significantly reduce the number of occupants in the 33 government cogs. Tens of thousands had to be dismissed to reduce the abutment of an average of 200, sometimes even 300 percent to the arranged 135 percent. The reason was that the detention conditions in the cogs due to the survival against the prancellation rights of the adhesives.
They were on average with over 180 percent of their capacity, even 200 percent in August 2008. The pristines were used for an occupancy capacity of 85.000 Fighters built, 2009 were there 158.000 locked up. Another 170.000 people are detained in non-state fehrnisse or other facilities (Californian court wants to arrange freezing of tens of thousands of adoption lures). In 2008, the prestiges have cost 10.8 billion dollars to California state, 49.000 dollars were ied to Schwarzenegger, who spent the mass free of masses only from cost-bearled, for every prisoner.
California appealed against the verdict, but lost 2011. The realignment act was adopted, which the number of occupants until 2013 to 117.To reduce 000 or 137.5 percent of capacity. Infection penalties were passed for new slight offenses (non-serious, non-violent, non-sexual or "Non-Non-Non") relocated in district competitions. For the "Non-Non-Non" The preservation was proclaimed for half a year, injury to the preservation requirements were also procured from one year to 6 months, which must be used in a district joke. So it was more likely to move than a release, as well as the Californian governor sweetheart.
State prison Pelican Bay. Image: Jelson25 / CC-BY-SA-3.0
Scientists, as they in their in their in "Criminology Public Policy" Released study is downsizing prisons dangerous? Writing, investigates the consequences of the lowering of the occupants of the state prestiges in the years 2012, 2013 and 2014 by 27.000 to 115.000 had, however, had to be rather saying the shift in district competitions, along with the reduction of the prison terms for light offenses and for injuries of the preservation requirements. Between October 2011 to December 2012, the prison population fell by 27.000 or 17 percent. The number of new adhesives fell by 65 percent of 96.000 on 34.000. 2013 and 2014 stabilized the prison population to 134.000. In 2015, it was only 130.000.
To see how the reduction in occupants affects state proxy, the 2012-2014 authors compared the crime rate in California with the other states of other states. The authors conclude that the worst rings have not been proven. That "experiment" Successful. Apart from a short-term slight increase in car hables in 2012, no statistically significant change in violence and property labels have been recognized, while California in 2012 could save 450 million US dollars.
Conclusion: "Significant reductions of the prison population are possible without the danger of public security." However, one had to adding that the offensters were punished less hard and long and rather came into a district, but the difference between imprisonment in a state or a district joke was not close-up in the study. In the study also remains open whether the overall population has fallen in all cogs.