Actually, you have to be surprised that such a thing is developed and not already used: a software that describes database information graphically. However, it is not about any databases, but about the databases of the Federal Criminal Office in which all data snippets are stored on crimes. Hundreds of bank accounts, thousands of transfers are entered in the database – with the hope to bring some light into criminal links.
Scientists at the Darmental Institute for Graphical Data Processing, therefore, since October of last year on behalf of the Federal Criminal Office (BKA) has been developing a special software. It should visualize the complex criminal structures and make newcomers recognizable for the investigators. Unlike side-length computer lists, certain patterns can be better recognized as multi-dimensional representations for money transfers: Who preserves regular money, who receives a lot of money, who exists to whom. For banks, there is already a record with name, date and amount to show meaningful structures. The officials can yield the data arbitrarily – for example with information about relatives.
Screenshot: Werner Muller, IGD / TU Darmstadt
In the two-dimensional view, the software shows hierarchical structures that show the cash flow. Three-dimensional (S. Screenshot) can even be visualized under which persons are very close relationships between which persons most fellows. Already in one year, the BKA investigators should work with the software.
With this DataMining method, not only lets can be evaluated, but also other characteristics that have accumulated in the criminal records. Interesting for the police, which were on which geographic ways with which means of transport such as railway, aircraft or car are moved and where safeguarded objects appear. If crime data is crashed with city and space data, the police allow the police, according to the former BKA Prasident Horst Herold, "New forms and possibilities of cooperation with other state agents" – Like ordinals, passers, youth polery, health stores or schools.
Police data collection versus informational self-determination
For the Schleswig-Holstein state data protection Helmut Baumler is this one "Right core idea". He can imagine the use of criminal records for pravention purposes – but only when bourgeois rights are protected by trapping techniques, anonymization and pseudonymization. That does not look at the software developed yet. In addition, an additional development effort required. On Monday, the Privacy Academy Schleswig-Holstein in Kiel organizes "Police and privacy" a conference.
An open debate is overwhelmed: So far, the informational self-determination of the police data collection seems to be diametrically opposite, as it is usually secretly done without the consent of the affected and frequently enough. In recent years, police powers were continuously expanded without making a greater and transparent evaluation of previous engagement properties. Although a legal data collection center was established under two years ago. Their findings are not yet publicly made.
After all, the Federal Ministry of Justice now wants to commission a study to clear the benefits of the aberration. The aim is that for the criminal title vacancy "Definitely required MAB" restrict. According to the Federal Data Protector Joachim Jacob, the number of orders for telephone-lying attacks last year with 9802 a new record level reached. ()