Cold war on postsowjetic

The conflict between Georgia and Russia also deepens new tensions between East and West

The espionage affairs between Russia and Georgia, which was published at the end of September by the arrest of four Russian officers in the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, developed into a conflict that continues to date. Although the crisis disappeared from the focus of the Western media, but the sanctions directed by Russia opposite the Caucasus Republic will still be upright, although the arrested officers are free again. In the Affare around the four arrested soldiers, however, is more than the alleged espionage of Russian militars. It is an indirect conflict between East and West, discharged on the floor of the former Soviet Union. For Russia, it’s about the consolidation of his hegemonic power, for Georgia, which will be NATO member in the next year, and therefore more and more of Russia are turning on to preserve the previous state borders.


Everything started as in a bad agent pose. In Georgia, where election campaign because of local elections prevailed, the Georgian government arrested Russia-friendly opposition politicians who allegedly planned a consporation against the Prassident Michail Saakashvili. Shortly thereafter, the police arrested four Russian officers stationed in Georgia for alleged espionage. Russia immediately responded to the arrest of the militar. It protested, the embassy staff called back home and demanded the Russian State Burgers living in Georgia to leave the country in the Caucasus. Only the deduction of Russian soldiers from Georgia was stopped.

Thus, Moscow maintained an important fist mandrel in the politics against Georgia, because the Russian anti-terror laws allow military missions outside the Russian State Territory. A circumstance, with which Russia indirectly threatened early. Just a few days after the arrest of the four officers, the Duma unanimously adopted a declaration in which "hardeous maws" were demanded against Georgia. For this purpose, Vladimir Putin Georgia introduced state terrorism.

Moscow, however, served other means other than the military use to enhance prere on the government in Tbilisi. There was a traffic, flight, and post-blockade against the Caucasian state and thus realized the most hardest boycottoms since 1948, when the then still from Josef Stalin (1879 as Josef Dschugaschwili saw the light of the world in Georgia) governed Soviet Union against the blockade West Berlin put into force. On 2. November Customer Moscow to use his internationally fleemished prere medium, which has already been successfully applied against Ukraine. Gazprom doubled Georgia the gas price, from 110 to $ 230.

The most successful maaking against Georgia was the STOP of private money transfers. Although the Russian Government buried this step with the need to stop illegal money transfers to prevent the purchase of weapons. But the stop is especially true of the Georgian civil avocculation and not the militar. The monthly funded funds of the Georgian-working and living in Russia, the number of whose number on approx. 1 million is treasured, for the poor Caucasian country is an important source of revenue that the economy in Georgia is upright.

Campaign against Georgian in Russia

Enormous restrictions also had to experience the Georgian living in Russia. From one "Antigenourg campaign" Languages the Russian and Western media. So the Moscow militia announced the schools to create lists named Georgian Schuler so as to get the addresses not officially reported Georgians. The militia carried out raids in restaurants, gambling casinos and other establishments, also castled fun female casinos in Moscow and one in St. Petersburg, and plaid suddenly crimes, which are partly for years for years.

Like coincidence and the criminal skill they wanted were all tades Georgian State Burgers. A consequence of this criminalization was not exactly humane expulsion of several hundred Georgians from Russia. In transport aircraft, the Russian government flew those in the visor of Russian authorities Georgian State Burgers. The Georgian government was unless otherwise helped against these statements, which provided them with livestock transports, to protest as to protest and make some aircraft the landing permit.

However, the antigenourg campaign is not only simple Georgian living in Russia, but also prominent and recognized artists. The writer Boris Akunin, whose criminal novels also appear in Germany, and the sculptor Serab Zeveteli, the Prasident of the Russian Academy of Arts is and whose statues of Peter Meanwhile praised several Russian bads, came to the sights of the agents. Against Akunin’s publisher, the tax assessment is active and against the Russian Academy of the Artists determines the Court of Auditors, because of embezzlement of public funds.

On coarse understanding in the Russian population, the approach against the Georgian living in Russia does not rely, although Caucasians were unpopular in Soviet sites in Russia and only in the summer in the North-Russian city of Condopoga riots against migrants from the Caucasus took place. In an online survey of the Novaja Gazeta, a majority of the antigenorg campaign spoke out. And also on the 25th. October, when Vladimir Putin asked the questions of Russian Burger in a three-hour TV program, he had to hear critical questions about the approach to Georgian immigrants. Putin defended himself and realized, you have nothing against Georgian, it is merely to prevent eyes against illegal immigrants in order to prevent conflicts between the people living in Russia.

The domestic weakness of the Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili, which Moscow hoped for this sanctions, remained. In the municipal elections already mentioned, the Prasident Party received 70 percent of the votes – a result that was made by the internal policy failure Saakashwilis only by the current conflict.

Thus, only another failure came into the long list of Moscow’s efforts to weaken the wordwalent Georgian prassides domestic politically. Already in the spring, Moscow directed an import stop for the Georgian wines popular in Russia, due to alleged landscape. At the same time the Russian intelligence nearby gathered funds for Prorussian Georgian to build an anti-Saakschwili front.

NATO is involved in the conflict

The reason for the lengthy attempts Moscow to weak Mikhail Saakashvili, who in January 2004, after the fall of the corrupt system of Eduard Schevardnadse through the "Rose Revolution", was chosen with a 399 percent election result, in the sharp rhetoric of the young prassident opposite Russia and the opening of the Caucasian country opposite the West. An early accession of Georgia to NATO is the ultimate goal of the opposite government. Getting started have already been taken – since 2004 there is a contractual partnership between Georgia and the Western military object. There is also a military support existing since 1994 by the USA.

This efforts in front of your own home tour roses on unbridges of Russia. "It’s worth thinking about why a counterupucer Russia’s enemy rhetoric for Georgia as a ticket for NATO," said at the beginning of October of the Russian vice-vice Minister of Vladimir Titow, giving the West a co-responsibility for the opposite tensions between Russia and Georgia.

And indeed the NATO involves with his help on Georgia in a conflict that has been quasi since the decay of the Soviet Union between Russia and Georgia and the actual cause for the current tensions between the two states is. Because Georgia, in turn, hopes for a stimulus in conflict by NATO around the abnormal provinces of Sudosozen and Abkhazia. Soon after the independence of Georgia, the two provinces of Georgia said. The then still young Georgian state tried to maintain the state boundaries, but the then badly deserted Georgian army experienced a heart defeat. Although Abkhazia and Sudanntia are not recognized internationally, but the Georgian administration has no control over these areas.

Most Georgians can not accept the loss of SudoStessia and Abkhazia until today and the country would also be prepared to restore its actual state boundaries with another military use. Saakashvili denied his election campaign with the promise of a reunification, and repeating armature use at the boundaries and provocations of Georgia’s boundaries and provocations prove this will and wish. Only a few months ago, the Georgian Defense Minister Irakli Okruaschwili, which has begotten a few times, to celebrate in the SudoStetic capital Zchinwali New Year’s Eve, without any reason the enemy area and was shot down – Okruavchili survived only with Gluck. But with a military use, Georgia was also forced Russia to weapon, because both SudoSties and Abkhazia are supported by Russia.

In both provinces, Russia has stationed soldiers officially serve as peacekeepers, primarily secure the boundaries of the abnormal provinces. Also economically, Sudanntia and Abkhazia are borne by Russia, in both areas the ruble is the official preservation. In addition, Russia also secures the existence of the two internationally unrecognized republics with the award of State Burgerhood and thus also operates a creeping annexation of the two areas to its own territory. In Sudanntia alone, 95 percent of the inhabitants have the Russian passport.

Willingness to give up his support for the two hurried provinces and thus maybe from his side, the conflict declared, Russia has not shown so far. Rather, Russia continued to support his will, Sudanntia and Abkhazia. In the already mentioned TV program, where Vladimir Putin said the questions of the Burger, the Russian Prasident realized that not the desire for accession to NATO, but the increasing "militarization of Georgia" opposite the abnormal provinces for the Bad relationships between Moscow and Tbilisi is responsible. Further, Putin explained that there is a contradictory situation in international law in which the territorial integration and self-determination of the Volker opposes. As a precedent, the Kremlin Chef called Kosovo, for which a final status should be found until the end of the year.

SudoSteen and Abkhazia have already begotted that they will understand an independence of the Serbian province as a confirmation of their own aspirations. To underline this envision, a referendum in SudoStenia took place this weekend, which voted over 90 percent for independence. But one has not come to a solution of the long-term problem, because the USA, the European Union and, of course, Georgia have already announced before, the vote, no matter what the result, do not want to recognize. This allowed this cold war to continue for a Caucasian ground for a long time, with indirect and involuntary participation of the West.

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