Cold war at the caribbean beach?

The geopolitical changes in Latin America summoned the ghost of a cold war in the region

More and more often appears in political statements and in the media in Latin America, the concept of Cold War, since the subcontinent through nationalization of energy reserves in Bolivia and dissolution phenomena of regional economic communities a deep structural change. The culprit of Dafur has already been identified: Venezuelan Prasident Hugo Chavez is deported responsibility due to its confrontational regional policy of mobilized links in Brazil and Chile. In addition to Rhetorik, the US already focuses on hand-proof actions: espionage submarines and declaration aircraft were sent to the Caribbean to become a lord of the situation in her years of neglected backyard.

The last weeks had it in Latin America. In Bolivia Nationalized Prasident Evo Morales in the stroke of energy reserves of the country ("The exploration of the ground as is finished"), Paraguay and Uruguay questioned the meaning of the Economic Community Mercosur with their neighboring countries. The Venezuelan Prasident Hugo Chavez Kherished to Get from the Andean Community CAN and G3 with Mexico and Colombia after Bogota and Peru had signed free trade agreements with the USA. It is clear: The continent is currently running a deep structural and political change that does not only seem politically to columns, but also the alarm siren in the woman’s house.

Washington loses his traditional influence on the Sud American governments after Left Strengths have come to power in recent years. This was characterized for the first time in the election of the Chairman of the Organization of American States (OAs) in 2005, where the Chilean Linkskandidate Jose Miguel was previously previously prevailed by Chavez – against US interests. Although the OAS has already supplied the image of a seemingly united America for years, there may now be no talk of it.

Chavez mixes up

The engine for this development is undoubtedly the Venezuelan Prasident Hugo Chavez. Not only did this in the last two years made a stroke of a huge American free trade zone (ALCA), but instead awarded the alternative version for Latin America Alba (Alca against Alca), which since the end of April with Evo Morales in Bolivia next to Cuba has found a new member. The United States did not remain any further than in a hurry some Andine Lander for their intention to win. Peru and Colombia signed free trade agreements at the beginning of this year, their ratification from the parliaments. A possible agreement with Ecuador is in the stars, after the government has reformed a law on the energy reserves (Sud American governments demolish better conditions).

But Chavez does not seem to be able to accept it without further ado, which is not least the concept of the Cold War. This explained the Andean community CAN and G3 for dead, since "the goal is not in the north, but in the south". Umblumped, he mixed in the Peruvian election campaign and called on the Wahler to vote for the nationalist Prasident candidate Ollanta Humala, which made a diplomatic crisis with Lima. Both countries moved their ambassadors, one end of the confrontation is not foreseeable. Chavez’s goal is clear: only one links government can prevent the free trade agreement from being entered there.

As a diplomatic firefighter, Chavez was surprised in conflict between Brazil and Bolivia. After Evo Morales explained the OL and gas reserves for nationalities and the refineries of the Brazilian Olmultis Petrobras had to occupy militarically, he met with his two colleagues in La Paz to appease the Brazilian Prassident Lula da Silva. First with success: Lula explained the chess train of Morales as "Souveran", which you have to accept, and order that Petrobras will not be back from Bolivia. Chavez, thanks to 20 billion US dollars, can be rugged from the petroleum company last year, Brazil offered two Venezuelan gas factories for support to prevent any bottleneck at Brazilian gas supply.

But not enough of the diplomatic tour, which Chavez has completed alone in April. He previously met with Fidel Castro and Morales on Cuba to give the Economic Community Alba Contour and with his colleagues from Paraguay, Uruguay and again Bolivia, where an Energy Agreement was completed. Chavez is striking, together a mega gas pipeline from Patagonia to the Caribbean of 6.To build 000 kilometers long, which should break the energy problems of the continent (pipeline for Sudamerika). Although most governments represent this project as utopian, but Chavez does not seem to be too small. He has at least managed one thing: politically influenced the continent.

Brazil unfastened

If a few years ago, they believed that the economic coloss of Brazil was given the sound on the continent with his managed left prassident Lula da Silva, Chavez has taught his colleagues of a better. The vision of a Sud American copy of the European Union called Sud American Lander Community (CSN), which LULA searched with his colleagues at the end of 2004, under its leadership in Peruvian Cusco, has become obsolete after Chavez had started his diplomatic advance on the continent to his own, more radical Vision.

This day, the counselor for international affairs of Lula ultimately burdened the collar: "In Latin America, a climate of the Cold War is wide," Marco Aurelio Garcia warned in relation to the ongoing verbal and ideological confrontation between Venezuela and the USA. "Our politics for Sudamerika and the rest of the world is not dominated by the prehilbe’anti ‘, we are pro", Garcia in clear allusion to Chavez air and love glad that Brazil’s influence of Caracas on politics in Bolivia Prassident Chavez sampling. Also the Chilean Social Democratic Prasidential Michelle Bachelet excavated her concern. "I do not want to return to the time of the Cold War and that we Damonize some Landers," says Bachelet, who pladated for more international cooperation.

RICE: "Our help has no ideological price"

Washington starts to react to the situation in Sudamerica with sugar bread and whip. US Foreign Minister CONDOLEEZZA RICE RICHTED that the United States want to choose to be "partner" of Sudamerikas again. For years Washington had neglected the continent politically neglected, which was similar to development aid. Under Bush Administration, the budget was crimped by 19 percent by the International Development History Buro (USAID). The humanitize help from the US is to be put back to the foreground under RICE to polish the image.

Rice realized that the help does not have an ideological price and make both left and right–oriented governments equal to the hand rich hand. But under a condition: "Anyone who has been democratically chosen must also govern democratically," says RICE indirectly against Chavez, the dictatorial to be accused. By contrast, RICE was accused of US Congress Members, so far not to have improved relations with Venezuela. These countered, on the other hand, that this was impossible because Chavez had only survivors for US politicians. The fact that Aufeisterin RICE has uploved to Sudamerika several times in the last two weeks, but makes it clear that the subcontinent seems to jump into the foreground. Also military.

Spy submarine in the Caribbean

The head of US intelligence John Negroponte said in April that stomps submarines and declaration aircraft to be sent to the region for espionage purposes. "We strengthen ourselves in the areas where things have deteriorated for us since the end of the Cold War or where we were not prasent: Latin America and Africa," explained Negroponte, who in Latin America in the time of the Cold War Ambassador in Honduras has been. So the submarine USS Virginia for 90 days for spy purposes was sent to the Caribbean.

For example, these activities should be extended. Currently there is a $ 2.4 billion thousand high-tech submarine in construction, which is to be sent to Sudamerika in the first mission to cancel mobile phone talks. "As in the Cold War", US functionaries criticized the high cost for the planned games of the Bush Administration. So especially the "human espionage" should be expanded on orders from Bush, say recruitment of spies in the respective countries and more US staff.

The US espionage policy in Latin America fell into trouble in the nineties after close connections of CIA people were open to dictatorships in Peru and Panama, and largely fell into the defensive through public printing. But under the new circumstances Washington wants to catch up on this agent to grab the upper hand on the subcontinent to win back.

Pre-command from Colombia

His strongest – and soon maybe only – allies in the region will find Washington in the Colombian Prassident Alvaro Uribe Velez. This has been trying for some time to loose the diplomatic fire in the sense of Washington and to avoid the discourse between right and left in the region. To loose my own diplomatic problems with Venezuela, Uribe contacted several times the Cuban Prassified Fidel Castro, which switched on a mediator, though Uribe in the current election campaign tries the Colombian electors with the alternative "Communism or Democratic Security" anxiety.

Extended powers domed this as Washington. In the US financial aid for Colombia, which mainly fives into the military assistance to the lack of business, a significant change was to be set. In the burial for money pays in the years before, that these "for the evidence of drug trafficking and the terrorist groups Farc, Eln (Guerrilla) and AUC (paramilitars) be used," another point came this year: "Other Threats for the National Security Colombia ".

"Let’s talk about Venezuela? Normal crimetate? Street protest?"Adam Isacson threw up from the center for international politics in a letter to the Congress. It becomes clear in any case that Colombia becomes more than ever the crucial figure for Wahington, which concerns the defense of US interests in Sudamerika. All the more important therefore, his re-election for Washington seems to be on the 28. May is due. "The re-election of Uribe has been marked an interruption of the link station on the continent," the Council of Foreign Relations.

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